Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publicationsort icon
Ministerial Mandate Letters: Relevance to Indigenous Child Welfare and Well-Being

Churchill, Molly
Sinha, Vandna

2016 Information sheet
Child Maltreatment-Related Service Decisions by Ethno-Racial Categories in Ontario in 2013

Fallon, Barbara
Black, Tara
Van Wert, Melissa
King, Bryn
Filippelli, Joanne
Lee, Barbara
Moody, Brenda

2016 Information sheet
Ethno-racial Categories and Child Welfare Decisions: Exploring the Relationship with Poverty

Antwi-Boasiako, Kofi
King, Bryn
Black, Tara
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Goodman, Deborah

2016 Information sheet
Characteristics of Investigations Involving First Nations Children Compared to White Children in Ontario in 2013

Richard, Kenn
Ma, Jennifer
Fallon, Barbara

2018 Information sheet
Adoption Protections for Indigenous Children in the United States

Hahn, Hayley
Sinha, Vandna

2018 Information sheet
Adoption Protections for Indigenous Children in Canada

Hahn, Hayley
Sinha, Vandna

2018 Information sheet
Distinguishing Differences in Pathways to Resilience Among Canadian Youth

Ungar, Michael
Brown, Marion
Liebenberg, Linda
Cheung, Maria
Levine, Kathryn

2008 Journal article
Nurturing hidden resilience in at-risk youth across cultures

Ungar, Michael

2006 Journal article
Factors associated with the sexual behavior of Canadian Aboriginal young people and their implications for health promotion

Devries, Karen M.
Free, Caroline J.
Morison, Linda
Saewyc, Elizabeth

2009 Journal article
Developmental and Cultural Assets and Resilient Outcomes in First Nations Young People in Care: An Initial Test of an Explanatory Model

Filbert, Katharine
Flynn, Robert J.

2010 Journal article