Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publicationsort icon
Children under 15, registered Indian status and total population, for Canada, the provinces and territories, 2006

First Nations Child & Family Caring Society of Canada

Inuit Child Welfare and Family Support - Inuit-Related Documents

National Aboriginal Health Organization

Working with First Nations, Inuit and Métis Families who have Experienced Family Violence: A Practice Guide for Child Welfare Professionals

Steering Committe
Native Child & Family Services: Charlene Avalos
Chiefs of Ontario: Lillian Baibomcowai-Dell
Ottawa Inuit Children Centre: Karen Baker Anderson
Native Women’s Centre of Hamilton: Linda Ense
Métis Nation of Ontario: Shelley Gonneville
Ontario Native Women’s Association: Betty Kennedy
Weechi-it-te-win Family Services: Leona McGinnis
Tikinagan Child & Family Services: Thelma Morris
Ontario Native Women’s Association: Kathy Sky
Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres: Terry Swan

Catalyst Research and Communications: Joan Riggs

A troubled group? Adolescents in a Canadian child welfare sample

Fast, Elizabeth
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Ma, Jennifer

Community Based Child Welfare for Aboriginal Children: Supporting Resilience through Structural Change

Blackstock, Cindy
Trocmé, Nico

2004 Book chapter
Identity, Community, Resilience: The Transmission of Values Project

McKay, Sharon
Thomas Prokop, Shelley

2007 Book chapter
Reconciliation: Rebuilding the Canadian Child Welfare System to Better Serve Aboriginal Children and Youth

Blackstock, Cindy
Brown, Ivan
Bennett, Marlyn

2007 Book chapter
Here be Dragons! Breaking Down the Iron Cage for Aboriginal Children

Lafrance, Jean
Bastien, Betty

2007 Book chapter
The Journey of the Métis Settlements Child and Family Services Authority: Serving Alberta's Métis Settlement Children, Youth, and Families

Gauthier, Shane
Parenteau, Lillian

2007 Book chapter
Children with Disabilities Involved with the Child Welfare System in Manitoba: Current and Future Challenges

Fuchs, Don
Burnside, Linda
Marchenski, Shelagh
Mudry, Andria

2007 Book chapter