Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Titlesort icon Authors Year Type of Publication
Historical Trauma, Race-based Trauma and Resilience of Indigenous Peoples: A literature review

Fast, Elizabeth
Collin-Vézina, Delphine

2010 Journal article
2011 Annual Report - Saskatchewan Children's Advocate Office

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

2012 Report
2012 Annual Report - Saskatchewan Children's Advocate Office

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

2013 Report
2013 Annual Report - Saskatchewan Children's Advocate Office

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

2014 Report
2013/14 Annual Report and 2014/15–2015/16 Service Plan

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2014 Report
2014 Annual Report - Saskatchewan Children's Advocate Office

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

2015 Report
2015 Annual Report - Saskatchewan Children's Advocate Office

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

2016 Report
A comparison of First Nations and non-Aboriginal children investigated for maltreatment in Canada in 2003

MacLaurin, Bruce
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Blackstock, Cindy
Pitman, Lisa
McCormack, Megan

2011 Information sheet
A Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography Focusing on Aspects of Aboriginal Child Welfare in Canada

Bennett, Marlyn
Blackstock, Cindy

2002 Other
A Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography on Aspects of Aboriginal Child Welfare in Canada: 2nd Edition

Bennett, Marlyn
Blackstock, Cindy
De La Ronde, Richard

2005 Other