Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Reconciliation in Child Welfare: Touchstones of Hope for Indigenous Children, Youth, and Families

Blackstock, Cindy
Cross, Terry
George, John
Brown, Ivan
Formsma, Jocelyn

2006 Report
Health and well-being of children in care in British Columbia: Report 1 on health services utilization and mortality

Child and Youth Officer for British Columbia

2006 Report
Strengthening our Youth: A Report on Youth Leaving Manitoba’s Child Welfare System

McEwan-Morris, Alice

2006 Report
Nurturing hidden resilience in at-risk youth across cultures

Ungar, Michael

2006 Journal article
Pathways to the overrepresentation of Aboriginal children in care

Gough, Pamela
Trocmé, Nico
Brown, Ivan
Knoke, Della
Blackstock, Cindy

2005 Information sheet
Jurisdiction and Funding Models for Aboriginal Child and Family Service Agencies

Gough, Pamela
Blackstock, Cindy
Bala, Nicholas

2005 Information sheet
Ontario’s Child Welfare System

Gough, Pamela

2005 Information sheet
Mesnmimk Wasatek: Catching a Drop of Light. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in Canada’s Child Welfare System: An Analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FNCIS-2003)

Nico Trocmé
Bruce MacLaurin
Barbara Fallon
Della Knoke
Lisa Pitman
Megan McCormack

2005 Report
Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2003 (CIS-2003): Major Findings

Nico Trocmé
Barbara Fallon
Bruce MacLaurin
Joanne Daciuk
Caroline Felstiner
Tara Black
Lil Tonmyr
Cindy Blackstock
Ken Barter
Daniel Turcotte
Richard Cloutier

2005 Report
Wen:de The Journey Continues: The national policy review on First Nations Child and Family Services Research Project - Phase Three

Loxley, John
DeRiviere, Linda
Prakash, Tara
Blackstock, Cindy
Wien, Fred
Prokop, Shelley Thomas

2005 Report