Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Community Based Child Welfare for Aboriginal Children: Supporting Resilience through Structural Change

Blackstock, Cindy
Trocmé, Nico

2004 Book chapter
Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2001 - non-reserve Aboriginal Population initial findings: Well-being of the non-reserve Aboriginal Population

O'Donnell, Vivian
Tait, Heather

2003 Report
Children in Care in Canada: A summary of current issues and trends with recommendations for future research

Farris-Manning, Cheryl
Zandstra, Marietta

2003 Report
The Baby Andy Report: Examination of services provided to Baby Andy and his family

Montreal Lake Child & Family Agency inc.
Saskatchewan Community Resources and Employment

2003 Report
Extending Aboriginal control over child welfare services: The Manitoba Child Welfare Initiative

Hudson, Pete
McKenzie, Brad

2003 Journal article
Perspective on the Fragmentation of Services to Aboriginal Youth

Leslie, Bruce
Storey, Fred

2002 Other
A Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography Focusing on Aspects of Aboriginal Child Welfare in Canada

Bennett, Marlyn
Blackstock, Cindy

2002 Other
Young Mothers In/From Care Project

Rutman, Deborah
Strega, Susan
Callahan, Marilyn
Dominelli, Lena

2001 Presentation
It Takes a Community: A Report on Child Welfare Services in the Northwest Territories

Hansen, Gaye
Shangreaux, Corbin
Balla, Mike

2000 Report
First Canadian Roundtable on Child Welfare Outcomes: Roundtable proceedings

Thompson, Julie
Fallon, Barbara

1999 Presentation