Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Wrapping our Ways Around Them: Aboriginal Communities and the Child, Family and Community Service Act (CFCSA) Guidebook

Walkem, Ardith

2015 Report
Jordan’s Principle Advocacy Needed Soon

Jordan's Principle Working Group

2015 Report
Jordan’s Principle – Background Information

Jordan's Principle Working Group

2015 Report
Aboriginal Cultural Connections: A Child Protection Resource Guide

Child Protection Services, Department of Community Services and Seniors

2015 Report
First Nations Child Poverty: A Literature Review and Analysis

Brittain, Melisa
Blackstock, Cindy

2015 Report
What does the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) Report summary say about the Indian Residential School (IRS) system and child welfare?

Churchill, Molly 
Sinha, Vandna

2015 Information sheet
Long-term Trends in Out of Home Care for On-reserve First Nations Children

Jones, Allison 
Sinha, Vandna 

2015 Information sheet
Foster Care Disparity for Aboriginal Children in 2011

Wray, Michael
Sinha, Vandna

2015 Information sheet
Foster Care Disparity for First Nations Children in 2011

Sinha, Vandna
Wray, Michael

2015 Information sheet
Psychometrics In Parenting Capacity Assessments – A Problem For First Nations Parents

Choate, Peter W.
McKenzie, Amber

2015 Journal article