Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Critical Injuries and Deaths: Reviews and Investigations Update #25

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2015 Report
B.C. Adoption Update: April 2015

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2015 Report
Paige’s Story: Abuse, Indifference and A Young Life Discarded

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2015 Report
A Report and Next Steps for Action from A Forum for Change: Reconciliation for Today’s First Nations, Métis & Aboriginal Children Through Custom Adoption and Lifelong Family and Tribal Connections

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2015 Report
2014 Annual Report - Saskatchewan Children's Advocate Office

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

2015 Report
Feathers of Hope: A First Nations Youth Action Plan

Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth

2014 Report
Efficacy of neglect interventions for Indigenous children, families and communities

McGinn, Carrie Anna 
Damasse, Jean 

2014 Report
Nova Scotia's child welfare system

Nutton, Jennifer
Fast, Elizabeth
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
From the House of Commons resolution to Pictou Landing Band Council v. Canada: An update on the implementation of Jordan’s Principle

Sinha, Vandna
Blumenthal, Anne

2014 Journal article
Type of investigation, substantiation and primary category of substantiated maltreatment for First Nations children across Canada

Quinn, Ashley
Nutton, Jennifer
Blumenthal, Anne
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet