Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publicationsort icon
Quebec's child welfare system

Simpson, Megan
Fast, Elizabeth
Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
Alberta's child welfare system

Kyte, Alicia
Wegner-Lohin, Jaime

2014 Information sheet
Ontario’s child welfare system

Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Kyte, Alicia
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
British Columbia's child welfare system

Kozlowski, Anna
Milne, Lise
Sinha, Vanda

2014 Information sheet
Newfoundland & Labrador's child welfare system

Blumenthal, Anne
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
Without denial, delay or disruption: Ensuring First Nations children’s access to equivalent services through Jordan’s Principle

Sinha, Vandna

2015 Information sheet
What is the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal on First Nations Child Welfare?

Currie, Vanessa
Sinha, Vandna

2015 Information sheet
What is the history of the government’s provision of child welfare services to First Nations?

Currie, Vanessa
Sinha, Vandna

2015 Information sheet
What are the government’s current policies and programs in First Nations child welfare?

Currie, Vanessa
Sinha, Vandna

2015 Information sheet
What are Canada’s legal obligations to protect First Nations children?

Currie, Vanessa
Sinha, Vandna

2015 Information sheet