Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Yearsort icon Type of Publication
Aboriginal Children: Maintaining Connections in Adoption

Carriere, Jeannine
Scarth, Sandra

2007 Book chapter
Reflections of a Mi’kmaq social worker on a quarter of a century work in First Nations child welfare

MacDonald, Nancy
MacDonald, Judy

2007 Journal article
Identity lost and found: Lessons from the sixties scoop

Sinclair, Raven

2007 Journal article
Residential Schools: Did They Really Close or Just Morph Into Child Welfare?

Blackstock, Cindy

2007 Journal article
All my relations ~ Native transracial adoption: A critical case study of cultural identity

Sinclair, Raven

2007 Other
The Yukon’s child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

2008 Information sheet
Prince Edward Island’s child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

2008 Information sheet
Distinguishing Differences in Pathways to Resilience Among Canadian Youth

Ungar, Michael
Brown, Marion
Liebenberg, Linda
Cheung, Maria
Levine, Kathryn

2008 Journal article
Recognition and Reconciliation Protocol on First Nations Children, Youth and Families

BC Ministry of Children and Family Development
First Nations Summit
Union of BC Indian Chiefs
BC Assembly of Fist Nations

2008 Report
Management of Aboriginal Child Protection Services

Doyle, John

2008 Report