Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Out of Sight: How One Aboriginal Child’s Best Interests Were Lost Between Two Provinces

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 1

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 2

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 3: Appendices

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
Substantiating Neglect of First Nations and non-Aboriginal Children

Sinha, Vandna
Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico

2013 Journal article
Understanding the investigation-stage overrepresentation of First Nations children in the child welfare system: An analysis of the First Nations component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce

2013 Journal article
Parents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in the child protection systems: Issues for parenting capacity assessments

Choate, Peter W.

2013 Journal article
Social needs of Aboriginal foster parents

Brown, Jason D.
Ivanova, Viktoria
Mehta, Nisha
Skrodski, Donna
Gerrits, Julie

2013 Journal article
Exploring alternate specifications to explain agency-level effects in placement decisions regarding Aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect part B

Chabot, Martin
Fallon, Barbara
Tonmyr, Lil
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy

2013 Journal article
Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect part A: Comparisons of the 1998 and 2003 surveys

Fallon, Barbara
Chabot, Martin
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy
MacLaurin, Bruce
Tonmyr, Lil

2013 Journal article