Emotional Maltreatment

Each province and territory has unique legislation defining and describing responses to emotional maltreatment. Emotional maltreatment includes behaviors that harm a child’s development or sense of self-worth such as humiliation, rejection or withholding love or support. Witnessing or exposure to domestic violence is considered a form of emotional maltreatment under some legislation.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
A profile of reported emotional maltreatment in Canada in 2008

Kozlowski, Anna
Lwin, Kristin
Fallon, Barbara

2014 Information sheet
Potential mediators between child abuse and both violence and victimization in juvenile offenders

Day, David M.
Hart, Trevor A.
Wanklyn, Sonya G.
McCay, Elizabeth
Macpherson, Alison K.
Burnier, Nathalie

2013 Journal article
Distinguishing between poor/dysfunctional parenting and child emotional maltreatment

Wolfe, David A.
McIssac, Caroline


2012 Report
Shifting definitions of emotional maltreatment: An analysis child welfare investigation laws and practices in Canada

Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Chamberland, Claire
Chabot, Martin
Esposito, Tonino

2011 Journal article
Emotional maltreatment in Canada: Prevalence, reporting and child welfare responses

Chamberland, Claire
Fallon, Barbara
Black, Tara
Trocmé, Nico

2011 Journal article
Emotional trauma in infancy

Wotherspoon, Evelyn
Hawkins, Erinn
Gough, Pamela

2009 Information sheet
Assessing Emotional Neglect in Infants

Wotherspoon, Evelyn
Gough, Pamela

2008 Information sheet
Supporting the social-emotional development of infants and toddlers in foster care

Wotherspoon, Evelyn
Petrowski, Nicole

2008 Information sheet
The contribution of childhood emotional abuse to teen dating violence among child protective services-involved youth

Wekerle, Christine
Leung, Eman
Wall, Anne-Marie
MacMillan, Harriet
Boyle, Michael
Trocme, Nico
Waechter, Randall

2008 Journal article
The Effect of Maltreatment Co-occurrence on Emotional Harm among Sexually Abused Children

De Marco, Richard
Tonmyr, Lil
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2007 Journal article