Physical Abuse

Each province and territory has unique legislation defining and describing responses to physical abuse. Physical abuse includes any non-accidental action that causes, or could cause physical harm to a child such as hitting, shaking, or the unreasonable use of force to restrain a child

Title Authorssort icon Year Type of Publication
Defining ‘reasonable force’: Does it advance child protection?

Durrant, Joan E.
Fallon, Barbara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate

2017 Journal article
Physical punishment of children

Durrant, Joan
Ensom, Ron

2004 Information sheet
Punitive violence against children in Canada

Durrant, Joan
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Milne, Cheryl
Black, Tara
Knoke, Della

2006 Information sheet
The relationship between dimensions of physical abuse and aggressive behavior in a child protective services involved sample of adolescents

Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico
Wekerle, Christine

2013 Journal article
Cognitive and Emotional Differences Between Abusive and Non-Abusive Fathers

Francis, Karen J.
Wolfe, David

2008 Journal article
Is childhood physical abuse associated with peptic ulcer disease? Findings from a population-based study

Fuller-Thomson, Esme
Bottoms, Jennifer
Brennenstuhl, Sarah
Hurd, Marion

The association between childhood physical abuse and heart disease in adulthood: Findings from a representative community sample

Fuller-Thomson, Esme
Brennenstuhl, Sarah
Frank, John

2010 Journal article
The relationship between early adversities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Fuller-Thomson, Esme
Lewis, Danielle A.

2015 Journal article
Is the cluster risk model of parental adversities better than the cumulative risk model as an indicator of childhood physical abuse?: Findings from two representative community surveys

Fuller-Thomson, Esme
Sawyer, J.-L.

2012 Journal article
The robust association between childhood physical abuse and osteoarthritis in adulthood: Findings from a representative community sample

Fuller-Thomson, Esme
Stefanyk, Maria
Brennenstuhl, Sarah

2009 Journal article