Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authorssort icon Year Type of Publication
Évaluation d’une intervention de groupe d’approche féministe auprès de femmes victimes d’agression sexuelle

Bergeron, Manon
Hébert, Martine

2006 Journal article
Disclosure of sexual abuse, personal and familial factors as predictors of post-traumatic stress symptoms in school-aged girls

Bernard-Bonnin, Anne-Claude
Hébert, Martine
Daigneault, Isabelle
Allard-Dansereau, Claire

2008 Journal article
Dix années de recherche à l'IRDS pour contrer les méfaits de la violence chez les jeunes des Centres jeunesse

Bigras, Marc

2007 Journal article
The Canadian child welfare system response to exposure to domestic violence investigations

Black, Tara
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce

2008 Journal article
The Canadian child welfare system response to exposure to domestic violence investigations

Black, Tara
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce

2006 Information sheet
Children’s Exposure to Domestic Violence in Canada

Black, Tara
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Roy, Catherine
Lajoie, Jules

2005 Information sheet
Residential Schools: Did They Really Close or Just Morph Into Child Welfare?

Blackstock, Cindy

2007 Journal article
Child neglect I: Scope, consequences, and risk and protective factors

Blumenthal, Anne

2015 Information sheet
Child neglect II: Prevention and intervention

Blumenthal, Anne

2015 Information sheet
Early childhood development: Adverse experiences and developmental health

Boivin, Michel
Hertzman, Clyde
Barr, Ronald G.
Boyce, W.  Thomas
Fleming, Alison
MacMillan, Harriet
Odgers, Candice
Sokolowski, Marla B.
Trocmé, Nico 

2012 Report