Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authorssort icon Year Type of Publication
Responding to child maltreatment in Canada: Context for international comparisons

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Fluke, John
Van Wert, Melissa
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sinha, Vandna
Helie, Sonia
Turcotte, Daniel

2012 Journal article
Ontario incidence studies of reported child abuse and neglect 1998/2003: Outcomes of investigations

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Black, Tara
Petrowski, Nicole

2008 Information sheet
Child abuse and neglect investigations in Ontario: Comparing 1998 and 2003 data

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Felstiner, Caroline
Petrowski, Nicole

2008 Information sheet
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 2003 (OIS 2003): Major Findings Report

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Knoke, Della
Black, Tara
Daciuk, Joanne
Felstiner, Caroline

2005 Report
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (OIS‑2008)

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sinha, Vandna
Black, Tara
Felstiner, Caroline
Schumaker, Kate
Van Wert, Melissa
Herbert, Adina
Petrowski, Nicole
Daciuk, Joanne
Lee, Barbara
DuRoss, Christine
Johnston, Amy

2010 Report
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect - 2013 (OIS-2013)

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sinha, Vandna
Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate
Black, Tara
Lee, Barbara
Rha, Wendy
Smith, Carrie
Goel, Serena

2015 Report
Developmental and Cultural Assets and Resilient Outcomes in First Nations Young People in Care: An Initial Test of an Explanatory Model

Filbert, Katharine
Flynn, Robert J.

2010 Journal article
Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal groups: An application of the decision making ecology through multi-level analysis

Fluke, John
Chabot, Martin
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Blackstock, Cindy

2010 Journal article
Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal groups: An application of the decision making ecology through multi-level analysis

Fluke, John
Chabot, Martin
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Blackstock, Cindy

2010 Journal article
Factor structure and reliability of the childhood trauma questionnaire and prevalence estimates of trauma for male and female street youth

Forde, David R.
Baron, Stephen W.
Scher, Christine D.
Stein, Murray B.

2011 Journal article