Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authorssort icon Year Type of Publication
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse or Neglect 1993 (OIS-1993) 1998 Report
The Influence of Child Abuse on the Pattern of Expenditures in Women's Adult Health Service Utilization in Ontario, Canada 2006 Journal article
Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (AIS-2008): Major Findings
MacLaurin, Bruce
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Sinha, Vandna
Feehan, Richard
Enns, Rick
Gail, Jordan
Kitt, Olivia
Thomas‑Prokop, Shelley
Zelt, Carolyn
Daoust, Gabrielle
Hutcheon, Emily
Budgell, Danielle
2013 Report
Child physical and sexual abuse in a community sample of young adults: Results from the Ontario Child Health Study
MacMillan, Harriet L. 
Tanaka, Masako 
Duku, Eric 
Vaillancourt, Tracy 
Boyle, Michael H. 
 
2013 Journal article
An Epidemiological Study of Children Exposure to Violence in the Fragile Families Study
McLanahan, Sarah
Bryant-Davis, Thema 
Holcombe, Caroline 
James, Sarah 
Adams, Tyonna 
Gray, Anthea 
2014 Report
Supervisory neglect and risk of harm. Evidence from the Canadian child welfare system.
Ruiz-Casares, Mónica
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
2012 Journal article
Preliminary evaluation of the Childhood Experiences of Violence Questionnaire Short Form

Tanaka, Masako
Wekerle, Christine
Leung, Eman
Waechter, Randall
Gonzalez, Andrea
Jaimeson, Ellen
MacMillan, Harriet L.

2012 Journal article
Évolution des familles négligentes : chronicité et typologie. Étude de suivi 1992 à 2005

Éthier, Louise S.
Bourassa, Louise
Klapper, Ulrich
Dionne, Martin

2006 Report
Factors related to chronic neglect in families

Éthier, Louise S.
Bourassa, Louise
Klapper, Ulrich
Lajoie, Jules
Gough, Pamela
Léveillé, Sophie
 

2007 Information sheet
CYDL Data Byte 7: Hospitalizations of Albertan Youth

Child and Youth Data Laboratory

2013 Report