Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Childhood Maltreatment, Posttraumatic Stress Symptomatology, and Adolescent Dating Violence: Considering the Value of Adolescent Perceptions of Abuse and a Trauma Mediational Model

Wekerle, Christine
Wolfe, David
Hawkins, D. Lynn
Pittman, Anna-Lee
Glickman, Ashley
Lovald, Benedicte

2001 Journal article
Multiple Maltreatment, Attribution of Blame, and Adjustment Among Adolescents

McGee, Robin
Wolfe, David
Olson, James

2001 Journal article
Proximate Effects of a Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Program in Elementary School Children

Hébert, Martine
Lavoie, Francine
Piché, Christiane
Poitras, Michèle

2001 Journal article
Building Bridges: The Collaborative Development of Culturally Appropriate Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect for the South Asian Community

Maiter, Sarah
Trocmé, Nico
George, Usha

2000 Report
Étude exploratoire des manifestations possibles de mauvais traitements psychologiques chez de jeunes parents à risque avec leur enfant d’âge préscolaire : Rapport final

Malo, Claire
Moreau, Jacques
Chamberland, Claire
Roy, Catherine
Léveillé, Sophie
Beauvais, Brigitte

2000 Report
Type I and Type II Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Sexually Abused Children

Tremblay, Caroline
Hébert, Martine
Piché, Christiane

2000 Journal article
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse or Neglect 1993 (OIS-1993) 1998 Report
Development and preliminary evaluation of the Ontario Child Neglect Index

Trocmé, Nico

1996 Journal article
New Brunswick Family Services Act

The Government of New Brunswick

1980 Other