Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authorssort icon Year Type of Publication
Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008 (CIS-2008): Major Findings

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sinha, Vandna
Black, Tara
Fast, Elizabeth
Felstiner, Caroline
Hélie, Sonia
Turcotte, Daniel
Weightman, Pamela
Douglas, Janet
Holroyd, Jill

2010 Report
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 1998 (OIS-1998)

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Daciuk, Joanne
Bartholomew, Sharon
Ortiz, Jairo
Thompson, Julie
Helfrich, Warren
Billingsley, Diane

2002 Report
The Changing Face of Child Welfare Investigations in Ontario: Ontario Incidence Studies of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (OIS 1993/1998)

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Copp, Barbara

2002 Report
Child Emotional Maltreatment in Canada

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Black, Tara
Roy, Catherine

2005 Information sheet
Physical abuse of children in the context of punishment

Trocmé, Nico
Durrant, Joan
Ensom, Ron
Marwah, Inder

2004 Information sheet
False Allegations of Abuse and Neglect when Parents Separate

Trocmé, Nico
Bala, Nicholas

2005 Journal article
Voices Discovering Each Other as They Rise From Canada's Fragmented Child Welfare System

Trocmé, Nico

2007 Book chapter
Development and preliminary evaluation of the Ontario Child Neglect Index

Trocmé, Nico

1996 Journal article
CIS-2008: Characteristics of maltreatment

Trocmé, Fallon, MacLaurin et al.

2010 Information sheet
CIS-2008: Characteristics of children and families

Trocmé, Fallon, MacLaurin et al.

2010 Information sheet