Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publicationsort icon
CIS-2008: Characteristics of maltreatment

Trocmé, Fallon, MacLaurin et al.

2010 Information sheet
CIS-2008: Characteristics of children and families

Trocmé, Fallon, MacLaurin et al.

2010 Information sheet
Primary Category of Substantiated Child Maltreatment in Ontario in 1993, 1998, 2003, and 2008

Van Wert, Melissa
Smith, Carrie
Ma, Jennifer
Fallon, Barbara

2012 Information sheet
Previous Case Openings in Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Ma, Jennifer
Smith, Carrie
Van Wert, Melissa
Fallon, Barbara

2012 Information sheet
Sexual Abuse Investigations by Level of Substantiation in Canada in 2008

Lefebvre, Rachael
Van Wert, Melissa
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
CIS-2008 Major Findings Supplementary Tables: Caregiver Age by Primary Substantiated Maltreatment and Risk

Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara

2012 Information sheet
CIS-2008 Major Findings Supplementary Tables: Child Functioning Concerns by Primary Substantiated Maltreatment and Risk

Lefebvre, Rachael
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara

2012 Information sheet
CIS-2008 Major Findings Supplementary Tables: Child Welfare Court by Primary Substantiated Maltreatment and Risk

Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
CIS-2008 Major Findings Supplementary Tables: Duration of Maltreatment by Primary Substantiated Maltreatment

Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara

2012 Information sheet
CIS-2008 Major Findings Supplementary Tables: Housing Conditions by Primary Substantiated Maltreatment and Risk

Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet