Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (AIS-2008): Major Findings
MacLaurin, Bruce
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Sinha, Vandna
Feehan, Richard
Enns, Rick
Gail, Jordan
Kitt, Olivia
Thomas‑Prokop, Shelley
Zelt, Carolyn
Daoust, Gabrielle
Hutcheon, Emily
Budgell, Danielle
2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 1

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 2

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 3: Appendices

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
A profile of exposure to intimate partner violence investigations in the Canadian child welfare system: An examination using the 2008 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2008)

Lefebvre, Rachael
Van Wert, Melissa 
Black, Tara
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico 

2013 Journal article
Substantiating Neglect of First Nations and non-Aboriginal Children

Sinha, Vandna
Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico

2013 Journal article
Understanding the investigation-stage overrepresentation of First Nations children in the child welfare system: An analysis of the First Nations component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce

2013 Journal article
Identification of sexually abused female adolescents at risk for suicidal ideations: A classification and regression tree analysis

Brabant, Marie-Eve
Hébert, Martine
Chagnon, François

2013 Journal article
Placement of children in out-of-home care in Québec, Canada: When and for whom initial out-of-home placement is most likely to occur

Esposito, Tonino
Trocmé, Nico
Chabot, Martin
Shlonsky, Aron
Collin-Vézina, Delphine 
Sinha, Vandna

2013 Journal article
An examination of delinquency in a national Canadian sample of child maltreatment-related investigations

Van Wert, Melissa
Ma, Jennifer
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara

2013 Journal article