Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publicationsort icon
CIS-2008 Major Findings Supplementary Tables: Household Source of Income by Primary Substantiated Maltreatment and Risk

Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara

2012 Information sheet
Household Composition and Characteristics in Maltreatment-Related Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Leslie, Bruce
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
A Profile of Customized and Traditional Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Van Wert, Melissa
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
Characteristics of Children and Families who Receive Ongoing Child Welfare Services

Lefebvre, Rachael
Van Wert, Melissa
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
A Profile of Unfounded Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Lefebvre, Rachael
Van Wert, Melissa
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
A Profile of Unfounded Risk Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Van Wert, Melissa
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
Physical abuse and physical punishment in Canada

Jud, Andreas
Trocmé, Nico
 

2013 Information sheet
Child and family poverty in Canada: Implications for child welfare research

de Boer, Kaila
Rothwell, David W.
Lee, Christopher

2013 Information sheet
Urgent protection versus chronic need: Clarifying the dual mandate of child welfare services across Canada

Trocmé, Nico
Kyte, Alicia
Sinha, Vandna
Fallon, Barbara

2014 Information sheet
A profile of reported emotional maltreatment in Canada in 2008

Kozlowski, Anna
Lwin, Kristin
Fallon, Barbara

2014 Information sheet