Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authorssort icon Year Type of Publication
Developing a Case Typology for Children in Out-of-Home Care: Child Welfare Worker Perspectives

Skrypek, Margaret
Wells, Susan
Bauerkemper, Kristen
Koranda, Laura
Link, Amber

2008 Journal article
Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

2011 Report
Understanding the investigation-stage overrepresentation of First Nations children in the child welfare system: An analysis of the First Nations component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce

2013 Journal article
Substantiating Neglect of First Nations and non-Aboriginal Children

Sinha, Vandna
Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico

2013 Journal article
Substantiating neglect of First Nations and non-Aboriginal children

Sinha, Vandna
Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico

2013 Journal article
Identity lost and found: Lessons from the sixties scoop

Sinclair, Raven

2007 Journal article
Recension des études évaluatives des interventions de groupe destinées aux enfants de six à douze ans victimes d'agression sexuelle

Simoneau, Ann Claude
Hébert, Martine
Tourigny, Marc

2008 Journal article
From Culture Clash to New Possibilities: A Harm Reduction Approach to Family Violence and Child Protection Services

Shlonsky, Aron
Friend, Colleen
Lambert, Liz

2007 Journal article
Double Jeopardy: Risk Assessment in the Context of Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence

Shlonsky, Aron
Friend, Colleen

2007 Journal article
Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence Editorial: Current State of Knowledge and Emerging Strategies for Policy and Practice

Shlonsky, Aron
Friend, Colleen

2007 Journal article