The First Nations Component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FNCIS-2008)

The first report of the First Nations Component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008 (FNCIS-2008), is entitled, Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System. The report was publicly released on November 14, 2011.

The First Nations Component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FNCIS) is a study of child welfare investigations involving First Nations children which is embedded within a larger, cyclical national study of the reported incidence of child maltreatment: the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS). The FNCIS is a collaborative effort, by CIS research team members and First Nations child welfa re organizations to support participation of First Nations and urban Aboriginal agencies in the CIS, analyze CIS data on investigations involving First Nations children, ensure appropriate contextualization of research findings, disseminate research results, and increase the capacity for First Nations child welfare research. The collaboration between research team members and First Nations child welfare organizations are guided by the OCAP principles (Ownership, Control, Access, Possession) for research in Aboriginal contexts.

FNCIS-2008 is the largest study of child welfare investigations involving First Nations children ever conducted in Canada. The study is overseen by an FNCIS-2008 advisory committee, and examines data which the CIS-2008 collected from 89 provincial/territorial agencies and 22 First Nations and urban Aboriginal agencies. Kiskisik Awasisak examines differences between the child, family, household, maltreatment and service response profiles for the child maltreatment and risk investigations involving First Nations children and non-Aboriginal children which were conducted by agencies included in the CIS sample. Based on data for investigations opened between October 1 and December 31, 2008, the study estimates that 14,114 investigations involving First Nations children) and 83,650 investigations involving non-Aboriginal children were conducted by sampled agencies in 2008. The report presents disparities in the rates of First Nations and non-Aboriginal children investigated, retained for post-investigation services, and moved to out-of-home care during the investigation period. It also identifies caregiver and household risk factors which contribute to First Nations overrepresentation. Because of the purposive sampling of First Nations and urban Aboriginal agencies, and differences in methodology, results presented in Kiskisik Awasisak cannot be directly compared other CIS reports or to data from other CIS cycles.

Title Authors Year
Briefing Document. Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

2011
Overview Presentation. Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

2011

FNCIS-2008 Advisory Committee

The national advisory committee for the FNCIS-2008, first developed in 2006, is in the process of transitioning into a national First Nations Child Welfare Research Committee (FNCWRC).  This working group will bring together First Nations/Aboriginal child welfare practitioners, policy specialists and academics from across Canadian jurisdictions, to coordinate, facilitate sharing of, and to support First Nations child welfare research.  It is currently the only forum that brings Aboriginal child welfare experts from across the country together for this purpose.  The committee seeks to build on the knowledge and capacity build through collaboration on FNCIS-2008 in order to:
 
  • Oversee the development and implementation of a national “First Nations Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2018 (FNIS-2018)”, which builds on the findings and experience of the FNCIS-2008 and honours the principles of Aboriginal Ownership of, Control over, Access to and Possession of research (OCAP principles) to the maximum extent possible. 
  • Facilitate national level sharing of information about policy and research relevant to First Nations child welfare.
  • Support the development of new research on First Nations child welfare.

 

The following is a list of current committee members:

 

Nancy MacDonald
School of Social Work
Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia

Judy Levi
 
Richard Gray
 
Stephanie O’Brien
 
Cindy Blackstock
 
Kenn Richard
 
Tara Petti
 
Marlyn Bennett
University of Manitoba
 
H. Monty Montgomery
University of Regina (Saskatoon), Saskatchewan
 
Shelley Thomas Prokop
 
Randy McHugh
 
Rachelle Dallaire & Linda Lucas
 
Nico Trocmè & Vandna Sinha
McGill University, Quebec
 
Barbara Fallon
University of Toronto, Ontario
 
Bruce MacLaurin
University of Calgary, Alberta