Policy & Legislation

This section contains information on Canadian child welfare legislation and policy. In Canada, child welfare services are provincially and territorially funded and legislated, with the exception of federally funded services to First Nations peoples living on reserves. In accordance with individual agreements negotiated between First Nations communities, provincial/territorial governments, and the federal government, an increasing number of First Nations are delivering child and family services in accordance with provincial and territorial child welfare laws.

Title Authors Year Type of Publicationsort icon
Quebec's child welfare system

Simpson, Megan
Fast, Elizabeth
Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
Alberta's child welfare system

Kyte, Alicia
Wegner-Lohin, Jaime

2014 Information sheet
Ontario’s child welfare system

Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Kyte, Alicia
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
British Columbia's child welfare system

Kozlowski, Anna
Milne, Lise
Sinha, Vanda

2014 Information sheet
Newfoundland & Labrador's child welfare system

Blumenthal, Anne
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
Legal Age for Leaving Children Unsupervised Across Canada

Ruiz-Casares, Mónica
Radic, Ivana

2015 Information sheet
Adoption Protections for Indigenous Children in the United States

Hahn, Hayley
Sinha, Vandna

2018 Information sheet
Adoption Protections for Indigenous Children in Canada

Hahn, Hayley
Sinha, Vandna

2018 Information sheet
Effective/Efficient Mental Health Programs for School-Age Children: A Synthesis of Reviews

Browne, Gina
Gafni, Amiram
Roberts, Jacqueline
Byrne, Carolyn
Majumdar, Basanti

2004 Journal article
When the Bough Breaks: Provider-Initiated Comprehensive Care is More Effective and Less Expensive for Sole-Support Parents on Social Assistance

Browne, Gina
Byrne, Carolyn
Roberts, Jacqueline
Gafni, Amiram
Whittaker, Susan

2001 Journal article