Policy & Legislation

This section contains information on Canadian child welfare legislation and policy. In Canada, child welfare services are provincially and territorially funded and legislated, with the exception of federally funded services to First Nations peoples living on reserves. In accordance with individual agreements negotiated between First Nations communities, provincial/territorial governments, and the federal government, an increasing number of First Nations are delivering child and family services in accordance with provincial and territorial child welfare laws.

Title Authorssort icon Year Type of Publication
Protection of Children from Physical Maltreatment in Canada: Evaluation of the Supreme Court’s Definition of Reasonable Force

Durrant, Joan E.
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Milne, Cheryl
Black, Tara

2009 Journal article
Saskatchewan's child welfare system

Fast, Elizabth
Simpson, Megan
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
Child maltreatment: Variation in trends and policies in six developed countries

Gilbert, Ruth
Fluke, John
O'Donnell, Melissa
Gonzalez-Izquierdo, Arturo
Brownwell, Marni
Gulliver, Pauline
Janson, Staffan
Sidebotham, Peter

2012 Journal article
Northwest Territories' child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

2007 Information sheet
Nunavut's child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

2007 Information sheet
New Brunswick’s child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

2007 Information sheet
Prince Edward Island’s child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

2008 Information sheet
Provincial/Territorial Protocol On Children, Youth and Families Moving Between Provinces and Territories

Government of British Columbia
Government of Alberta
Government of Manitoba
Government of Saskatchewan
Government of New Brunswick
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Government of Nova Scotia
Government of Prince Edward Island
Government of Northwest Territories
Government of Nunavut
Government of Yukon
Government of Ontario

2016 Report
Children and Youth Care and Protection Act

Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

2010 Report
Saskatchewan Child Abuse Protocol 2014

Government of Saskatchewan

2014 Report