In Manitoba, the Child and Family Services (CFS) Division of the Department of Family Services oversees family supports and protection services to children delivered under the mandate of The Child and Family Services Act (1985)The Child and Family Services Authorities Act (2003) created four authorities (First Nations Authority of Northern Manitoba, First Nations Authority of Southern Manitoba, Metis Authority and General Authority) that oversee services, disperse funds and ensure that culturally appropriate services are delivered by their respective agencies consistent with relevant legislation. The Authorities have mandated 23 legally distinct agencies, of which 17 are First Nations child welfare agencies; three are non-Aboriginal, private child welfare agencies; two are Metis child welfare agencies; and one is the Department of Family Services (of which there are multiple offices in five areas of the province). Fourteen child welfare agencies have also been named as Designated Intake Agencies (DIAs) which function as central intake services in various geographic regions of the province. DIAs conduct initial intakes/brief investigations and then transfer cases that will remain open to receive ongoing services to an agency of the authority of the family’s choosing. A unique feature of CFS in Manitoba is that families may decide from which authority they wish to receive services regardless of the region in which they reside. For more information, please see the information sheet on Manitoba's child welfare system.

Manitoba - Statistics

Manitoba: Children and youth in out-of-home care in 2007

Children in care Child (0-18) population Rate per 1000
7,241 297,004 24.4

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year Type
Manitoba's child welfare system

Milne, Lise
Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
Review of Child Welfare Legislation in Manitoba: Discussion Guide

Government of Manitoba

2017 Report
Provincial/Territorial Protocol On Children, Youth and Families Moving Between Provinces and Territories

Government of British Columbia
Government of Alberta
Government of Manitoba
Government of Saskatchewan
Government of New Brunswick
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Government of Nova Scotia
Government of Prince Edward Island
Government of Northwest Territories
Government of Nunavut
Government of Yukon
Government of Ontario

2016 Report
So Much Left To Do: Status Report on the 62 Recommendations from the Phoenix Sinclair Inquiry Office of the Child Advocate 2016 Report
The Changing Face of Youth Suicide in Manitoba and the Narrow Window for Intervention: Phase Two Report

Office of the Children's Advocate

2016 Report
Don't Call Me Resilient: What Loss & Grief Look Like for Children and Youth in Care

Office of the Children's Advocate

2016 Report
Children Need Families, Not Courtrooms: Alternatives to Adversarial Litigation in Child Welfare

David Milward, Office of the Children's Advocate

2016 Report
The Educational Outcomes of Children in Care in Manitoba

Brownell, Marni
Chartier, Mariette
Au, Wendy
Schultz, Jennifer
Guenette, Wendy
Valdivia, Jeff

2015 Report
Options for Action. An Implementation Report for The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children

AMR Planning & Consulting

2015 Report
Manitoba's Changing Face of Suicide and the Narrow Window for Intervention: Phase One Report

Office of the Children's Advocate

2015 Report
Last Namesort icon First Name Organization Province/Territory
Wright Alexandra Canadian Association for Social Work Education Manitoba
Piotrowski Caroline University of Manitoba Manitoba
McKenzie Brad University of Manitoba Manitoba
Fuchs Don University of Manitoba Manitoba
Frankel Harvy University of Manitoba Manitoba
Ens Carla D. L. Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living Manitoba
Durrant Joan E. University of Manitoba Manitoba
Campbell Melissa University of Manitoba Manitoba
Burnside Linda Avocation: Counselling, Consulting, Research & Training Manitoba
Bennett Marlyn University of Manitoba Manitoba
Afifi Tracie O. University of Manitoba Manitoba