In Manitoba, the Child and Family Services (CFS) Division of the Department of Family Services oversees family supports and protection services to children delivered under the mandate of The Child and Family Services Act (1985)The Child and Family Services Authorities Act (2003) created four authorities (First Nations Authority of Northern Manitoba, First Nations Authority of Southern Manitoba, Metis Authority and General Authority) that oversee services, disperse funds and ensure that culturally appropriate services are delivered by their respective agencies consistent with relevant legislation. The Authorities have mandated 23 legally distinct agencies, of which 17 are First Nations child welfare agencies; three are non-Aboriginal, private child welfare agencies; two are Metis child welfare agencies; and one is the Department of Family Services (of which there are multiple offices in five areas of the province). Fourteen child welfare agencies have also been named as Designated Intake Agencies (DIAs) which function as central intake services in various geographic regions of the province. DIAs conduct initial intakes/brief investigations and then transfer cases that will remain open to receive ongoing services to an agency of the authority of the family’s choosing. A unique feature of CFS in Manitoba is that families may decide from which authority they wish to receive services regardless of the region in which they reside. For more information, please see the information sheet on Manitoba's child welfare system.

Manitoba - Statistics

Manitoba: Children and youth in out-of-home care in 2018

Children in care Child (0-17) population Rate per 1000*
10,328 293,240 35.2

**The rate per 1000 is calculated using the population of children covered under the age of protection in Manitoba (under 18 years old). 

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year Typesort icon
Children with disabilities receiving services from child welfare agencies in Manitoba

Gough, Pamela
Fuchs, Don

2006 Information sheet
Children with FASD-related Disabilities Receiving Services from Child Welfare Agencies in Manitoba

Gough, Pamela
Fuchs, Don

2006 Information sheet
Manitoba’s Child Welfare System

Gough, Pamela

2006 Information sheet
Transitions out-of-care: Youth with FASD in Manitoba

Gough, Pamela
Fuchs, Don

2008 Information sheet
Manitoba children affected by parental alcohol abuse and FASD: Health care costs

Gough, Pamela
Fuchs, Don

2010 Information sheet
First Nations Child Welfare in Manitoba

Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna
Petti, Tara
Flette, Elsie

2012 Information sheet
Manitoba's child welfare system

Milne, Lise
Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
Factors that Contribute to Positive Outcomes in the Awasis Pimicikamak Cree Nation Kinship Care Program

Wright, Alexandra
Hiebert-Murphy, Diane
Mirwaldt, Janet
Muswaggon, George

2006 Report
Children with Disabilities Receiving Services from Child Welfare Agencies in Manitoba

Fuchs, Don
Burnside, Linda
Marchenski, Shelagh
Mudry, Andria

2005 Report
Families First: A Process and Outcome Evaluation of Nurse, Home Visitor and Parent Perspectives

Ek, Noreen
Frankel, Sid

2006 Report
Last Name First Name Organization Province/Territory
Bennett Marlyn University of Manitoba Manitoba
Burnside Linda Avocation: Counselling, Consulting, Research & Training Manitoba
Durrant Joan E. University of Manitoba Manitoba
Frankel Harvy University of Manitoba Manitoba
Fuchs Don University of Manitoba Manitoba
McKenzie Brad University of Manitoba Manitoba
Wright Alexandra Canadian Association for Social Work Education Manitoba
Campbell Melissa University of Manitoba Manitoba
Ens Carla D. L. Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living Manitoba
Piotrowski Caroline University of Manitoba Manitoba
Afifi Tracie O. University of Manitoba Manitoba