In Manitoba, the Child and Family Services (CFS) Division of the Department of Family Services oversees family supports and protection services to children delivered under the mandate of The Child and Family Services Act (1985)The Child and Family Services Authorities Act (2003) created four authorities (First Nations Authority of Northern Manitoba, First Nations Authority of Southern Manitoba, Metis Authority and General Authority) that oversee services, disperse funds and ensure that culturally appropriate services are delivered by their respective agencies consistent with relevant legislation. The Authorities have mandated 23 legally distinct agencies, of which 17 are First Nations child welfare agencies; three are non-Aboriginal, private child welfare agencies; two are Metis child welfare agencies; and one is the Department of Family Services (of which there are multiple offices in five areas of the province). Fourteen child welfare agencies have also been named as Designated Intake Agencies (DIAs) which function as central intake services in various geographic regions of the province. DIAs conduct initial intakes/brief investigations and then transfer cases that will remain open to receive ongoing services to an agency of the authority of the family’s choosing. A unique feature of CFS in Manitoba is that families may decide from which authority they wish to receive services regardless of the region in which they reside. For more information, please see the information sheet on Manitoba's child welfare system.

Manitoba - Statistics

Manitoba: Children and youth in out-of-home care in 2007

Children in care Child (0-18) population Rate per 1000
7,241 297,004 24.4

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year Type
Manitoba's child welfare system

Milne, Lise
Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
Provincial/Territorial Protocol On Children, Youth and Families Moving Between Provinces and Territories

Government of British Columbia
Government of Alberta
Government of Manitoba
Government of Saskatchewan
Government of New Brunswick
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Government of Nova Scotia
Government of Prince Edward Island
Government of Northwest Territories
Government of Nunavut
Government of Yukon
Government of Ontario

2016 Report
The Educational Outcomes of Children in Care in Manitoba

Brownell, Marni
Chartier, Mariette
Au, Wendy
Schultz, Jennifer
Guenette, Wendy
Valdivia, Jeff

2015 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 1

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 2

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 3: Appendices

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
First Nations Child Welfare in Manitoba

Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna
Petti, Tara
Flette, Elsie

2012 Information sheet
Manitoba Family Services and Labour Annual Report 2011-2012

Minister of Family Services and Labour

2012 Report
Child and Family Services of Western Manitoba Annual Report 2011-2012

Child and Family Services of Western Manitoba

2012 Report
Manitoba Family Services and Consumer Affairs Annual Report 2010-2011

Minister of Family Services and Consumer Affairs

2011 Report
Last Name First Name Organization Province/Territorysort icon
Bennett Marlyn University of Manitoba Manitoba
Burnside Linda Avocation: Counselling, Consulting, Research & Training Manitoba
Durrant Joan E. University of Manitoba Manitoba
Frankel Harvy University of Manitoba Manitoba
Fuchs Don University of Manitoba Manitoba
McKenzie Brad University of Manitoba Manitoba
Wright Alexandra Canadian Association for Social Work Education Manitoba
Campbell Melissa University of Manitoba Manitoba
Ens Carla D. L. Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living Manitoba
Piotrowski Caroline University of Manitoba Manitoba
Afifi Tracie O. University of Manitoba Manitoba