Manitoba

In Manitoba, the Child and Family Services (CFS) Division of the Department of Family Services oversees family supports and protection services to children delivered under the mandate of The Child and Family Services Act (1985)The Child and Family Services Authorities Act (2003) created four authorities (First Nations Authority of Northern Manitoba, First Nations Authority of Southern Manitoba, Metis Authority and General Authority) that oversee services, disperse funds and ensure that culturally appropriate services are delivered by their respective agencies consistent with relevant legislation. The Authorities have mandated 23 legally distinct agencies, of which 17 are First Nations child welfare agencies; three are non-Aboriginal, private child welfare agencies; two are Metis child welfare agencies; and one is the Department of Family Services (of which there are multiple offices in five areas of the province). Fourteen child welfare agencies have also been named as Designated Intake Agencies (DIAs) which function as central intake services in various geographic regions of the province. DIAs conduct initial intakes/brief investigations and then transfer cases that will remain open to receive ongoing services to an agency of the authority of the family’s choosing. A unique feature of CFS in Manitoba is that families may decide from which authority they wish to receive services regardless of the region in which they reside. For more information, please see the information sheet on Manitoba's child welfare system.

Manitoba - Statistics

Manitoba: Children and youth in out-of-home care in 2018

Children in care Child (0-17) population Rate per 1000
10,328 293,240 35.2


§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Titlesort icon Authors Year Type
A Report on the Independent Review of Cathedral Valley Group Home

Tuckett, Barry

2010 Report
A Special Case Review in Regard to the Death of Phoenix Sinclair

Koster, Andrew J.
Schibler, Billie

2006 Report
Bound by the Clock: The Voices of Manitoba Youth with FASD Leaving Care

Fuchs, Don
Burnside, Linda
Reinink, Amy
Marchenski. Shelagh

2010 Report
Changes for Children: Strengthening the Commitment to Child Welfare-- Response to the External Reviews into the Child and Family Services System

Department of Family Services and Housing

2006 Report
Child and Family Services of Western Manitoba Annual Report 2011-2012

Child and Family Services of Western Manitoba

2012 Report
Children Need Families, Not Courtrooms: Alternatives to Adversarial Litigation in Child Welfare

David Milward, Office of the Children's Advocate

2016 Report
Children with disabilities receiving services from child welfare agencies in Manitoba

Gough, Pamela
Fuchs, Don

2006 Information sheet
Children with Disabilities Receiving Services from Child Welfare Agencies in Manitoba

Fuchs, Don
Burnside, Linda
Marchenski, Shelagh
Mudry, Andria

2005 Report
Children with FASD Involved with the Manitoba Child Welfare System

Fuchs, Don
Burnside, Linda
Marchenski, Shelagh
Mudry, Andria

2007 Report
Children with FASD-related Disabilities Receiving Services from Child Welfare Agencies in Manitoba

Gough, Pamela
Fuchs, Don

2006 Information sheet
Last Name First Name Organization Province/Territory
Bennett Marlyn University of Manitoba Manitoba
Burnside Linda Avocation: Counselling, Consulting, Research & Training Manitoba
Durrant Joan E. University of Manitoba Manitoba
Frankel Harvy University of Manitoba Manitoba
Fuchs Don University of Manitoba Manitoba
McKenzie Brad University of Manitoba Manitoba
Wright Alexandra Canadian Association for Social Work Education Manitoba
Campbell Melissa University of Manitoba Manitoba
Ens Carla D. L. Manitoba Health, Seniors and Active Living Manitoba
Piotrowski Caroline University of Manitoba Manitoba
Afifi Tracie O. University of Manitoba Manitoba