Ontario

Children’s Aid Societies in Ontario have the exclusive mandate under the Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) to protect children who have been or are at risk of being abused and/or neglected by their caregivers, to provide for their care and supervision where necessary and to place children for adoption (CFSA, 1990). A total of 46 Children’s Aid Societies are specifically designated by the Minister of Children and Youth Services to investigate child abuse and neglect and take the necessary steps to care for children and youth in need of protection.  Seven are designated Aboriginal societies and 3 serve religious communities. Children’s Aid Societies are independent legal entities (corporations run by Boards of Directors) or Indian Bands (that operate under the Indian Act) and are accountable to the communities they serve. In addition to the CFSA, the Ontario Child Welfare Eligibility Spectrum and Child Protection Standards guide child protection workers at each phase of service delivery. For more information, visit the information sheet on Ontario's child welfare system.
 

Ontario - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 2013
Child population (0-15) 2,382,035 2,349,600
Number of child maltreatment investigations 128,748 125,281
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 54.05 53.32

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Ontario, 2013**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 97,951 41.69 78%
Risk Investigation 27,330 11.63 22%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2013**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 5,770 2.46 13%
Sexual Abuse 848 0.36 2%
Neglect 10,386 4.42 24%
Emotional Maltreatment 5,620 2.39 13%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 20,443 8.70 48%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 # 2008 Rate 2013 # 2013 Rate
No Placement 121,436 50.98 121,020 51.51
Informal Kinship Care 3,616 1.52 1,874 0.80
Formal Placement 3,696 1.55 2,387 1.02

* Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Black, T., Felstiner, C., Schumaker, K., Van Wert, M., Herbert, A., Petrowski, N., Daciuk, J., Lee, B., DuRoss, C. & Johnston, A. (2010). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (OIS‑2008). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2293

** Fallon, B., Van Wert, M., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Lefebvre, R., Allan, K., Black, T., Lee, B., Rha, W., Smith, C., & Goel, S. (2015). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS‑2013). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/OIS-2013

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year Type
Evaluating the Effectiveness of "Beyond the Basics" Parenting Groups for Parents/Caregivers of Young Children Involved with Child Welfare

Goodman, Deborah
Richards, Sharron

2005 Report
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 2003 (OIS 2003): Major Findings Report

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Knoke, Della
Black, Tara
Daciuk, Joanne
Felstiner, Caroline

2005 Report
A study of three community and school-based models of child welfare service delivery in Ontario

Frensch, Karen M.
Cameron, Gary
Hazineh, Lirondel

2005 Report
Mapping Adolescent Health Risk Behaviours

Wekerle, Christine
Wall, Anne-Marie
Knoke, Della

2004 Information sheet
Domestic violence: Protecting children by involving fathers and helping mothers

Lavergne, Chantal
Chamberland, Claire
Laporte, Lise
Baraldi, Rosanna

2003 Information sheet
In the Best Interests of Children and Mothers: A Proposed Child Welfare Response to Violence Against Women

Morrow, Eileen

2003 Report
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 1993/1998: Maltreatment rates

Trocmé, Nico
Siddiqi, Jasmine
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sullivan, Sue

2002 Information sheet
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 1993/1998: Source of referrals

Trocmé, Nico
Neves, Teresa
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sullivan, Sue

2002 Information sheet
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 1993/1998: Outcomes of investigations

Trocmé, Nico
Siddiqi, Jasmine
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sullivan, Sue

2002 Information sheet
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 1998 (OIS-1998)

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Daciuk, Joanne
Bartholomew, Sharon
Ortiz, Jairo
Thompson, Julie
Helfrich, Warren
Billingsley, Diane

2002 Report

Ontario - Legislation

Last Name First Namesort icon Organization Province/Territory
Ismaila Afisi McMaster University Ontario
Leschied Alan W. University of Western Ontario Ontario
Macpherson Alison K. York University Ontario
D'Angiulli Amedeo Carleton University Ontario
Taylor Andrew Taylor Newberry Consulting Ontario
Fudge-Schormans Ann McMaster University Ontario
Cummings Anne University of Western Ontario Ontario
Shlonsky Aron University of Toronto / University of Melbourne (AU) Ontario
Fallon Barbara University of Toronto Ontario
Lewis Barry Ontario Commission to Promote Sustainable Child Welfare Ontario
Kimberly Brisebois Windsor-Essex Children's Aid Society Ontario
Leslie Bruce Catholic Children's Aid Society of Toronto Ontario
King Bryn University of Toronto Ontario
Root Carol Chrysalis Centre Ontario
Stalker Carol A. Wilfred Laurier University Ontario
Smith Carrie King's University College at University of Western Ontario Ontario
Neff Charlotte Laurentian University Ontario
Regehr Cheryl University of Toronto Ontario
Wekerle Christine McMaster University Ontario
Blackstock Cindy First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada Ontario