Ontario

Children’s Aid Societies in Ontario have the exclusive mandate under the Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) to protect children who have been or are at risk of being abused and/or neglected by their caregivers, to provide for their care and supervision where necessary and to place children for adoption (CFSA, 1990). A total of 46 Children’s Aid Societies are specifically designated by the Minister of Children and Youth Services to investigate child abuse and neglect and take the necessary steps to care for children and youth in need of protection.  Seven are designated Aboriginal societies and 3 serve religious communities. Children’s Aid Societies are independent legal entities (corporations run by Boards of Directors) or Indian Bands (that operate under the Indian Act) and are accountable to the communities they serve. In addition to the CFSA, the Ontario Child Welfare Eligibility Spectrum and Child Protection Standards guide child protection workers at each phase of service delivery. For more information, visit the information sheet on Ontario's child welfare system.
 

Ontario - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 2013
Child population (0-15) 2,382,035 2,349,600
Number of child maltreatment investigations 128,748 125,281
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 54.05 53.32

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Ontario, 2013**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 97,951 41.69 78%
Risk Investigation 27,330 11.63 22%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2013**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 5,770 2.46 13%
Sexual Abuse 848 0.36 2%
Neglect 10,386 4.42 24%
Emotional Maltreatment 5,620 2.39 13%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 20,443 8.70 48%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 # 2008 Rate 2013 # 2013 Rate
No Placement 121,436 50.98 121,020 51.51
Informal Kinship Care 3,616 1.52 1,874 0.80
Formal Placement 3,696 1.55 2,387 1.02

* Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Black, T., Felstiner, C., Schumaker, K., Van Wert, M., Herbert, A., Petrowski, N., Daciuk, J., Lee, B., DuRoss, C. & Johnston, A. (2010). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (OIS‑2008). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2293

** Fallon, B., Van Wert, M., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Lefebvre, R., Allan, K., Black, T., Lee, B., Rha, W., Smith, C., & Goel, S. (2015). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS‑2013). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/OIS-2013

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Yearsort icon Type
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse or Neglect 1993 (OIS-1993) 1998 Report
Ontario Risk Assessment Model Phase 1: Implementation and Training

Trocmé, Nico
Mertins-Kirkwood, Brigitte
MacFadden, Robert
Alaggia, Ramona
Goodman, Deborah

1999 Report
Outcomes for child welfare services in Ontario

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Nutter, Butch
MacLaurin, Bruce
Thompson, Julie

1999 Report
Building Bridges: The Collaborative Development of Culturally Appropriate Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect for the South Asian Community

Maiter, Sarah
Trocmé, Nico
George, Usha

2000 Report
Stressors in Child Welfare Practice

Regehr, Cheryl
Leslie, Bruce
Howe, Phillip
Chau, Shirley

2000 Report
Creating a Climate of Safety: An Evaluation of the School Based Child Welfare Social Worker Program in Huron and Renfrew Counties

Taylor, Andrew
Janzen, Rich
Murtha, Susan
Powell, Barbara
Majstorovic, Nash

2001 Report
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 1993/1998: Maltreatment rates

Trocmé, Nico
Siddiqi, Jasmine
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sullivan, Sue

2002 Information sheet
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 1993/1998: Source of referrals

Trocmé, Nico
Neves, Teresa
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sullivan, Sue

2002 Information sheet
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 1993/1998: Outcomes of investigations

Trocmé, Nico
Siddiqi, Jasmine
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sullivan, Sue

2002 Information sheet
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 1998 (OIS-1998)

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Daciuk, Joanne
Bartholomew, Sharon
Ortiz, Jairo
Thompson, Julie
Helfrich, Warren
Billingsley, Diane

2002 Report

Ontario - Legislation

Last Name First Name Organization Province/Territory
Bala Nicholas Queen's University Ontario
Birnbaum Rachel University of Western Ontario Ontario
Black Tara University of Toronto Ontario
Blackstock Cindy First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada Ontario
Brown Ivan International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities Ontario
Brown Jason University of Western Ontario Ontario
Brown Ralph A. McMaster University Ontario
Browne Gina McMaster University Ontario
Burge Philip Humber Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning Ontario
Cameron Gary Wilfrid Laurier University Ontario
Coady Nick Wilfrid Laurier University Ontario
Dobbins Maureen McMaster University Ontario
Dumbrill Gary C. McMaster University Ontario
Fallon Barbara University of Toronto Ontario
Flynn Robert J. University of Ottawa Ontario
Alaggia Ramona University of Toronto Ontario
Goodman Deborah Children's Aid Society of Toronto Ontario
Hurley Dermot King's University College at University of Western Ontario Ontario
Jenkins Jennifer University of Toronto Ontario
Knoke Della University of Toronto Ontario