Ontario

Children’s Aid Societies in Ontario have the exclusive mandate under the Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) to protect children who have been or are at risk of being abused and/or neglected by their caregivers, to provide for their care and supervision where necessary and to place children for adoption (CFSA, 1990). A total of 46 Children’s Aid Societies are specifically designated by the Minister of Children and Youth Services to investigate child abuse and neglect and take the necessary steps to care for children and youth in need of protection.  Seven are designated Aboriginal societies and 3 serve religious communities. Children’s Aid Societies are independent legal entities (corporations run by Boards of Directors) or Indian Bands (that operate under the Indian Act) and are accountable to the communities they serve. In addition to the CFSA, the Ontario Child Welfare Eligibility Spectrum and Child Protection Standards guide child protection workers at each phase of service delivery. For more information, visit the information sheet on Ontario's child welfare system.
 

Ontario - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 2013
Child population (0-15) 2,382,035 2,349,600
Number of child maltreatment investigations 128,748 125,281
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 54.05 53.32

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Ontario, 2013**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 97,951 41.69 78%
Risk Investigation 27,330 11.63 22%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2013**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 5,770 2.46 13%
Sexual Abuse 848 0.36 2%
Neglect 10,386 4.42 24%
Emotional Maltreatment 5,620 2.39 13%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 20,443 8.70 48%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 # 2008 Rate 2013 # 2013 Rate
No Placement 121,436 50.98 121,020 51.51
Informal Kinship Care 3,616 1.52 1,874 0.80
Formal Placement 3,696 1.55 2,387 1.02

* Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Black, T., Felstiner, C., Schumaker, K., Van Wert, M., Herbert, A., Petrowski, N., Daciuk, J., Lee, B., DuRoss, C. & Johnston, A. (2010). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (OIS‑2008). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2293

** Fallon, B., Van Wert, M., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Lefebvre, R., Allan, K., Black, T., Lee, B., Rha, W., Smith, C., & Goel, S. (2015). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS‑2013). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/OIS-2013

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year Type
Recurrence Rates by Child Protection Concern

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara 
Ekins, Anna  
O’Connor, Carolyn 
Betito, Paul-André 

2017 Information sheet
Recurrence Rates by Urgent Protection and Chronic Need

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara 
Ekins, Anna  
O’Connor, Carolyn 
Betito, Paul-André 

2017 Information sheet
SPI 10 Discharge Rates by Placement Type

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara 
Ekins, Anna  
O’Connor, Carolyn 
Betito, Paul-André 

2017 Information sheet
Exploring Youth Outcomes After Aging-Out of Care

Kovarikova, Jane

2017 Report
In Harm's Way? Serious Occurances Report Volume 2

Office of the Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth; Snow, Kim

2017 Report
A Profile of Investigation Type by Child Age in Ontario in 2013

Filippelli, Joanne
Moody, Brenda
Fallon, Barbara

2016 Information sheet
A Profile of Intimate Partner Violence Investigations by Child Age in Ontario in 2013

Filippelli, Joanne
Kartusch, Mark
Black, Tara
Fallon, Barbara

2016 Information sheet
A Profile of Risk Investigations Transferred to Ongoing Services by Child Age in Ontario in 2013

Filippelli, Joanne
Stoddart, Jill
Fallon, Barbara

2016 Information sheet
Because Young People Matter: Report of the Residential Services Review Panel

Residential Services Panel

2016 Report
Child Custody/Access Disputes in Child Maltreatment-Related Investigations in Ontario in 2013

Deljavan, Sevil
Black, Tara
Saini, Michael
Fallon, Barbara

2016 Information sheet

Ontario - Legislation

Last Name First Namesort icon Organization Province/Territory
Crooks Claire Western University Ontario
Wolfe David Centre for Addition and Mental Health Ontario
De Wit David J. Centre for Addiction and Mental Health; University of Western Ontario Ontario
Goodman Deborah Children's Aid Society of Toronto Ontario
Knoke Della University of Toronto Ontario
Hurley Dermot King's University College at University of Western Ontario Ontario
Romano Elisa University of Ottawa Ontario
Lipman Ellen McMaster University Ontario
Underwood Ene Ontario Commission to Promote Sustainable Child Welfare Ontario
Fuller-Thomson Esme University of Toronto Ontario
Mishna Faye University of Toronto Ontario
Cameron Gary Wilfrid Laurier University Ontario
Dumbrill Gary C. McMaster University Ontario
Nelson Geoff Wilfrid Laurier University Ontario
Browne Gina McMaster University Ontario
Pon Gordon Ryerson University Ontario
MacMillan Harriet McMaster University Ontario
Brown Ivan International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities Ontario
Gladstone James W. McMaster University Ontario
Brown Jason University of Western Ontario Ontario