Ontario

Children’s Aid Societies in Ontario have the exclusive mandate under the Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) to protect children who have been or are at risk of being abused and/or neglected by their caregivers, to provide for their care and supervision where necessary and to place children for adoption (CFSA, 1990). A total of 46 Children’s Aid Societies are specifically designated by the Minister of Children and Youth Services to investigate child abuse and neglect and take the necessary steps to care for children and youth in need of protection.  Seven are designated Aboriginal societies and 3 serve religious communities. Children’s Aid Societies are independent legal entities (corporations run by Boards of Directors) or Indian Bands (that operate under the Indian Act) and are accountable to the communities they serve. In addition to the CFSA, the Ontario Child Welfare Eligibility Spectrum and Child Protection Standards guide child protection workers at each phase of service delivery. For more information, visit the information sheet on Ontario's child welfare system.
 

Ontario - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 2013
Child population (0-15) 2,382,035 2,349,600
Number of child maltreatment investigations 128,748 125,281
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 54.05 53.32

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Ontario, 2013**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 97,951 41.69 78%
Risk Investigation 27,330 11.63 22%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2013**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 5,770 2.46 13%
Sexual Abuse 848 0.36 2%
Neglect 10,386 4.42 24%
Emotional Maltreatment 5,620 2.39 13%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 20,443 8.70 48%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 # 2008 Rate 2013 # 2013 Rate
No Placement 121,436 50.98 121,020 51.51
Informal Kinship Care 3,616 1.52 1,874 0.80
Formal Placement 3,696 1.55 2,387 1.02

* Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Black, T., Felstiner, C., Schumaker, K., Van Wert, M., Herbert, A., Petrowski, N., Daciuk, J., Lee, B., DuRoss, C. & Johnston, A. (2010). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (OIS‑2008). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2293

** Fallon, B., Van Wert, M., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Lefebvre, R., Allan, K., Black, T., Lee, B., Rha, W., Smith, C., & Goel, S. (2015). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS‑2013). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/OIS-2013

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Yearsort icon Type
Reality Check: Findings from the Second Annual Listening Tour of the Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth Office of the Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth 2016 Report
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect - 2013 (OIS-2013)

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sinha, Vandna
Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate
Black, Tara
Lee, Barbara
Rha, Wendy
Smith, Carrie
Goel, Serena

2015 Report
Previous Case Openings by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario 2013

Goel, Serena
Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara

2015 Information sheet
Ongoing Child Welfare Services and Referrals to Services by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario in 2013

Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael
Goel, Serena
Fallon, Barbara

2015 Information sheet
Mental or Emotional Harm by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario in 2013

Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate
Goel, Serena
Fallon, Barbara
 

2015 Information sheet
Household Source of Income by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario in 2013

Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate
Goel, Serena
Fallon, Barbara

2015 Information sheet
Duration of Maltreatment by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario in 2013

Goel, Serena
Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara

2015 Information sheet
A Profile of Investigations with a Noted Child Functioning Concern of FAS/FAE in Ontario in 2008

Goodman, Deborah
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2015 Information sheet
Children's Rights Matter to Us: Findings from the First Annual Listening Tour of the Ontario Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth

Office of the Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth

2015 Report
Feathers of Hope: A First Nations Youth Action Plan

Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth

2014 Report

Ontario - Legislation

Last Namesort icon First Name Organization Province/Territory
Rodger Susan University of Western Ontario Ontario
Romano Elisa University of Ottawa Ontario
Root Carol Chrysalis Centre Ontario
Saini Michael University of Toronto Ontario
Scott Katreena University of Toronto Ontario
Shlonsky Aron University of Toronto / University of Melbourne (AU) Ontario
Smith Carrie King's University College at University of Western Ontario Ontario
Snow Kim Ryerson University Ontario
Stalker Carol A. Wilfred Laurier University Ontario
Swift Karen J. York University Ontario
Taylor Andrew Taylor Newberry Consulting Ontario
Thomson Wendy McGill University Ontario
Tonmyr Lil Public Health Agency of Canada Ontario
Underwood Ene Ontario Commission to Promote Sustainable Child Welfare Ontario
Weiss Jonathan A. York University Ontario
Wekerle Christine McMaster University Ontario
Wolfe David Centre for Addition and Mental Health Ontario