Ontario

Children’s Aid Societies in Ontario have the exclusive mandate under the Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) to protect children who have been or are at risk of being abused and/or neglected by their caregivers, to provide for their care and supervision where necessary and to place children for adoption (CFSA, 1990). A total of 46 Children’s Aid Societies are specifically designated by the Minister of Children and Youth Services to investigate child abuse and neglect and take the necessary steps to care for children and youth in need of protection.  Seven are designated Aboriginal societies and 3 serve religious communities. Children’s Aid Societies are independent legal entities (corporations run by Boards of Directors) or Indian Bands (that operate under the Indian Act) and are accountable to the communities they serve. In addition to the CFSA, the Ontario Child Welfare Eligibility Spectrum and Child Protection Standards guide child protection workers at each phase of service delivery. For more information, visit the information sheet on Ontario's child welfare system.
 

Ontario - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 2013
Child population (0-15) 2,382,035 2,349,600
Number of child maltreatment investigations 128,748 125,281
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 54.05 53.32

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Ontario, 2013**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 97,951 41.69 78%
Risk Investigation 27,330 11.63 22%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2013**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 5,770 2.46 13%
Sexual Abuse 848 0.36 2%
Neglect 10,386 4.42 24%
Emotional Maltreatment 5,620 2.39 13%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 20,443 8.70 48%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 # 2008 Rate 2013 # 2013 Rate
No Placement 121,436 50.98 121,020 51.51
Informal Kinship Care 3,616 1.52 1,874 0.80
Formal Placement 3,696 1.55 2,387 1.02

* Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Black, T., Felstiner, C., Schumaker, K., Van Wert, M., Herbert, A., Petrowski, N., Daciuk, J., Lee, B., DuRoss, C. & Johnston, A. (2010). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (OIS‑2008). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2293

** Fallon, B., Van Wert, M., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Lefebvre, R., Allan, K., Black, T., Lee, B., Rha, W., Smith, C., & Goel, S. (2015). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS‑2013). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/OIS-2013

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year Type
Previous Case Openings in Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Ma, Jennifer
Smith, Carrie
Van Wert, Melissa
Fallon, Barbara

2012 Information sheet
First Nations Child Welfare in Ontario

Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna
Richard, Kenn

2012 Information sheet
Household Composition and Characteristics in Maltreatment-Related Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Leslie, Bruce
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
A Profile of Customized and Traditional Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Van Wert, Melissa
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
Characteristics of Children and Families who Receive Ongoing Child Welfare Services

Lefebvre, Rachael
Van Wert, Melissa
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
A Profile of Unfounded Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Lefebvre, Rachael
Van Wert, Melissa
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
A Profile of Unfounded Risk Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Van Wert, Melissa
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
Realizing a Sustainable Child Welfare System in Ontario

The Commission to Promote Sustainable Child Welfare

2012 Report
2011/2012 Report to Legislature

Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth (Ontario)

2012 Report
‘Not so Easy to Navigate’ A Report on the Complex Array of Income Security Programs and Educational Planning for Children in Care in Ontario

John Stapleton
Anne Tweddle

2012 Report

Ontario - Legislation

Last Name First Namesort icon Organization Province/Territory
Ismaila Afisi McMaster University Ontario
Leschied Alan W. University of Western Ontario Ontario
Macpherson Alison K. York University Ontario
D'Angiulli Amedeo Carleton University Ontario
Taylor Andrew Taylor Newberry Consulting Ontario
Fudge-Schormans Ann McMaster University Ontario
Cummings Anne University of Western Ontario Ontario
Shlonsky Aron University of Toronto / University of Melbourne (AU) Ontario
Fallon Barbara University of Toronto Ontario
Lewis Barry Ontario Commission to Promote Sustainable Child Welfare Ontario
Kimberly Brisebois Windsor-Essex Children's Aid Society Ontario
Leslie Bruce Catholic Children's Aid Society of Toronto Ontario
King Bryn University of Toronto Ontario
Root Carol Chrysalis Centre Ontario
Stalker Carol A. Wilfred Laurier University Ontario
Smith Carrie King's University College at University of Western Ontario Ontario
Neff Charlotte Laurentian University Ontario
Regehr Cheryl University of Toronto Ontario
Wekerle Christine McMaster University Ontario
Blackstock Cindy First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada Ontario