Quebec

The Quebec Ministry of Health and Social Services (Ministère de la Santé et Services sociaux) is responsible for providing protection services to children and youth in accordance with the mandate outlined in the Youth Protection Act. There are currently 16 Youth Centres (YC) and three multi-mission centres across the province.  Both of these centres are responsible for services under the Youth Protection Act as well as the Youth Criminal Justice Act (2002). In each centre, there is a director of youth protection (DYP) who is responsible for enforcing the Youth Protection Act. The DYP also has the powers of a provincial director under the Youth Criminal Justice Act. In the youth protection system in Quebec, the intervention process consists of the following stages: receiving and processing a report (intake), evaluating the situation (investigation), orienting the child (intervention planning), and implementing interventions and reviewing the situation. These stages are carried out in separate administrative units, except for the evaluation and orientation stages which are carried out by the same workers. For more information, please see the information sheet on Quebec's child welfare system.

Quebec - Statistics

External Statistics Links

 
Family and Household Statistics
Taux d'incidence des nouvelles prises en charge dans le cadre de la Loi sur la Protection de la Jeunesse (LPJ)
Certains indicateurs repères en vertu de la LPJ, 1994-1995 à 2006-2007

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 1998 and 2008*

  1998 2008
Child population 1,658,480 1,549,200
Number of child maltreatment investigations 25,615 28,608
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 15.44 18.47

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Quebec, 2008*

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 23,727 15.31 83%
Risk Investigation 4,881 3.15 17%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 2008*

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Risk of Future Maltreatment 1,494 0.96 8%
Physical Abuse 4,322 2.79 23%
Sexual Abuse 1,204 0.78 6%
Neglect 5,219 3.37 27%
Emotional Maltreatment 2,713 1.75 14%
Behavioural Problems 4,700 3.03 25%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 4,017 2.59 21%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 1998 and 2008*

  1998 Number 1998 Rate 2008 Number 2008 Rate
No Placement 16,776 10.12 24,238 15.65
Informal Kinship Care - - 780 0.50
Formal Placement 7,790 4.7 3,178 2.06
Type of Placement Unknown 834 0.50 340 0.22

 

* Hélie, S., Turcotte, D., Trocmé, N., & Tourigny, M. (2012). Étude d’incidence québécoise sur les situations évaluées en protection de la jeunesse en 2008: Rapport final (p. 252). Montreal, QC: Centre jeunesse de Montréal-Institut universitaire. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2522

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year Type
Quebec Incidence Study 2008 (EIQ-2008): Final Report

Hélie, Sonia
Turcotte, Daniel
Trocmé, Nico
Tourigny, Marc

2012 Report
Quebec Indicidence Study 2008 (EIQ-2008): Executive Summary

Hélie, Sonia
Turcotte, Daniel
Trocmé, Nico
Tourigny, Marc

2012 Report
Quebec Incidence Study 2014 (ÉIQ-2014): Final Report

Hélie, Sonia
Collin-Vézina, Delphine
Turcotte, Daniel
Trocmé, Nico
Tourigny, Marc

2017 Report
Quebec's child welfare system

Simpson, Megan
Fast, Elizabeth
Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
La violence familiale dans la vie des enfants du Québec, 2012

Gouvernement du Québec, Institut de la statistique du Québec

2013 Report
Enquête sur l’application de la Loi sur la protection de la jeunesse par le Centre de protection et de réadaptation de la Côte-Nord

Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse

2013 Report
Child Maltreatment in Québec: Findings from the Incidence Study of 1998

Tourigny,Marc, Mayer, Micheline, Lavergne, Chantal, Trocmé, Nico, Wright, John & Daigneault, Isabelle

2011 Report
Rapport d'activités

Association des centres jeunesse du Québec

2011 Report
Mémoire de l'ACJQ: présenté à la commission des institutions sur le projet de Loi 94 «Loi établissant les balises encadrant les demandes d'accommodements dans l'administration gouvernementale et dans certains établissements»

Association des centres jeunesse du Québec

2010 Report
Position de l’Association des centres jeunesse du Québec devant le comité permanent de la justice et des droits de la personne Étude du projet de loi C-4 Loi modifiant la Loi sur le système de justice pénale pour les adolescents et apportant des modif

Association des centres jeunesse du Québec

2010 Report

Quebec - Legislation

Quebec Legislation
Youth Protection Act

 

Last Namesort icon First Name Organization Province/Territory
Van Wert Melissa McGill University Quebec
Turcotte Geneviève Centre jeunesse de Montréal - Institut universitaire Quebec
Turcotte Daniel Université Laval Quebec
Trocmé Nico McGill University Quebec
Tremblay Gilles Université Laval Quebec
Tourigny Marc Université de Sherbrooke Quebec
Toupin Jean Université de Sherbrooke Quebec
Temcheff Caroline E. Université de Sherbrooke Quebec
Stipanicic Annie University du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
St-Laurent Diane Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
St-Amand Annick Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
Sinha Vandna McGill Unversity Quebec
Simard Marie-Claude Centre jeunesse de Québec - Institut universitaire Quebec
Serbin Lisa A. Concordia University Quebec
Saint-Jacques Marie-Christine Université Laval Quebec
Roy Catherine McGill University Quebec
Richardson Catherine Université de Montréal Quebec
Razik Noureddine Centre de protection et de réadaptation de la Côte-Nord Quebec
Poirier Marie-Andrée Université de Montréal Quebec
Pauzé Robert Université Laval Quebec