The Quebec Ministry of Health and Social Services (Ministère de la Santé et Services sociaux) is responsible for providing protection services to children and youth in accordance with the mandate outlined in the Youth Protection Act. There are currently 16 Youth Centres (YC) and three multi-mission centres across the province.  Both of these centres are responsible for services under the Youth Protection Act as well as the Youth Criminal Justice Act (2002). In each centre, there is a director of youth protection (DYP) who is responsible for enforcing the Youth Protection Act. The DYP also has the powers of a provincial director under the Youth Criminal Justice Act. In the youth protection system in Quebec, the intervention process consists of the following stages: receiving and processing a report (intake), evaluating the situation (investigation), orienting the child (intervention planning), and implementing interventions and reviewing the situation. These stages are carried out in separate administrative units, except for the evaluation and orientation stages which are carried out by the same workers. For more information, please see the information sheet on Quebec's child welfare system.

Quebec - Statistics

External Statistics Links

Family and Household Statistics
Taux d'incidence des nouvelles prises en charge dans le cadre de la Loi sur la Protection de la Jeunesse (LPJ)
Certains indicateurs repères en vertu de la LPJ, 1994-1995 à 2006-2007

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 1998, 2008* and 2014**

  1998 2008 2014
Child population 1,658,480 1,549,200 1,521,298
Number of child maltreatment investigations 25,615 28,608 31,529
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 15.44 18.47 20.72

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Quebec in 2014**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
No Risk or Substantiated Maltreatment 8,565 5.63 27%
Confirmed Risk of Future Maltreatment   4,101 2.70 13%
Substantiated Maltreatment 18,860 12.40 60%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec in 2014**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 4,457 2.93 19%
Sexual Abuse 732 0.48 3%
Neglect 6,127 4.03 27%
Emotional Maltreatment 2,486 1.63 11%
Behavioural Problems 4,364 2.87 19%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 4,790 3.15 21%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 1998, 2008* and 2014**

  # 1998  1998 Rate # 2008 2008 Rate # 2014 2014 Rate
No Placement 16,776 10.12 24,238 15.65 27,221 17089
Informal Kinship Care - - 780 0.50 1,664 1.09
Formal Placement 7,790 4.7 3,178 2.06 2,558 1.68
Type of Placement Unknown 834 0.50 340 0.22 -- 0.04

-- n < 100

* Hélie, S., Turcotte, D., Trocmé, N., & Tourigny, M. (2012). Étude d’incidence québécoise sur les situations évaluées en protection de la jeunesse en 2008: Rapport final (p. 252). Montreal, QC: Centre jeunesse de Montréal-Institut universitaire. Retrieved from

** Hélie, S., Collin-Vézina, D.,Turcotte, D., Trocmé, N., & Girouard, N. (2017). Étude d’incidence québécoise sur les situations évaluées en protection de la jeunesse en 2014: Rapport final. Montreal, QC: Centre jeunesse de Montréal-Institut universitaire. Récupérée de

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year Typesort icon
Factors related to chronic neglect in families

Éthier, Louise S.
Bourassa, Louise
Klapper, Ulrich
Lajoie, Jules
Gough, Pamela
Léveillé, Sophie

2007 Information sheet
The CRABE Project: Maps of Child Maltreatment and Associated Factors - An Interactive Diagnostic Tool for Communities

Dufour, Sarah
Pitre, Patrice
Mayer, Micheline
Carrière, Jean
Massicotte, Karina

2006 Information sheet
Domestic violence: Protecting children by involving fathers and helping mothers

Lavergne, Chantal
Chamberland, Claire
Laporte, Lise
Baraldi, Rosanna

2003 Information sheet
Gender differences in perceptions of domestic violence

Chamberland, Claire
Léveillé, Sophie
Baraldi, Rosanna

2006 Information sheet
PIBE: Information to support research and child welfare

Lavergne, Chantal
Clément, Marie-Ève
Labrecque, Stéphane

2005 Information sheet
Providing a "life project" for young children: Implementation of a state-of-the-art practice

Paquette, Francine
Labrecque, Stéphane
Gaudet, Judith

2005 Information sheet
Psychological abuse: Children's invisible suffering

Chamberland, Claire
Laporte, Lise
Lavergne, Chantal
Baraldi, Rosanna

2003 Information sheet
Detecting psychological maltreatment: Blows to the head and the heart...

Malo, Claire
Gagné, Marie-Hélène
Labrecque, Stéphane

2005 Information sheet
Quebec’s Child Welfare System

Lajoie, Jules

2006 Information sheet
Living in a world of neglect: S.A.I.N. helps families move on

Lacharité, Carl
Chamberland, Claire
Baraldi, Rosanna

2004 Information sheet

Quebec - Legislation

Quebec Legislation
Youth Protection Act


Last Name First Name Organization Province/Territory
Trocmé Nico Université McGill Quebec
Carignan Louise Université du Québec à Chicoutimi Quebec
Chamberland Claire Université de Montréal Quebec
Clément Marie-Ève Université du Québec en Outaouais Quebec
Dufour Sarah Université de Montréal Quebec
Ethier Louise S. Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
Guay Danielle Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal Quebec
Hassan Ghayda Université du Québec à Montréal Quebec
Hébert Martine Université du Québec à Montréal Quebec
Hélie Sonia Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux du Centre-Sud-de-l’Île-de-Montréal Quebec
Lacharité Carl Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
Larrivée Marie-Claude Université Laval Quebec
Lavergne Chantal Université de Montréal Quebec
Lemay Louise Université de Sherbrooke Quebec
Lessard Geneviève Université Laval Quebec
Razik Noureddine Centre de protection et de réadaptation de la Côte-Nord Quebec
Saint-Jacques Marie-Christine Université Laval Quebec
Simard Marie-Claude Centre jeunesse de Québec - Institut universitaire Quebec
St-Laurent Diane Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
Tourigny Marc Université de Sherbrooke Quebec