Quebec

The Quebec Ministry of Health and Social Services (Ministère de la Santé et Services sociaux) is responsible for providing protection services to children and youth in accordance with the mandate outlined in the Youth Protection Act. There are currently 16 Youth Centres (YC) and three multi-mission centres across the province.  Both of these centres are responsible for services under the Youth Protection Act as well as the Youth Criminal Justice Act (2002). In each centre, there is a director of youth protection (DYP) who is responsible for enforcing the Youth Protection Act. The DYP also has the powers of a provincial director under the Youth Criminal Justice Act. In the youth protection system in Quebec, the intervention process consists of the following stages: receiving and processing a report (intake), evaluating the situation (investigation), orienting the child (intervention planning), and implementing interventions and reviewing the situation. These stages are carried out in separate administrative units, except for the evaluation and orientation stages which are carried out by the same workers. For more information, please see the information sheet on Quebec's child welfare system.

Quebec - Statistics

External Statistics Links

 
Family and Household Statistics
Taux d'incidence des nouvelles prises en charge dans le cadre de la Loi sur la Protection de la Jeunesse (LPJ)
Certains indicateurs repères en vertu de la LPJ, 1994-1995 à 2006-2007

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 1998 and 2008*

  1998 2008
Child population 1,658,480 1,549,200
Number of child maltreatment investigations 25,615 28,608
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 15.44 18.47

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Quebec, 2008*

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 23,727 15.31 83%
Risk Investigation 4,881 3.15 17%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 2008*

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Risk of Future Maltreatment 1,494 0.96 8%
Physical Abuse 4,322 2.79 23%
Sexual Abuse 1,204 0.78 6%
Neglect 5,219 3.37 27%
Emotional Maltreatment 2,713 1.75 14%
Behavioural Problems 4,700 3.03 25%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 4,017 2.59 21%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 1998 and 2008*

  1998 Number 1998 Rate 2008 Number 2008 Rate
No Placement 16,776 10.12 24,238 15.65
Informal Kinship Care - - 780 0.50
Formal Placement 7,790 4.7 3,178 2.06
Type of Placement Unknown 834 0.50 340 0.22

 

* Hélie, S., Turcotte, D., Trocmé, N., & Tourigny, M. (2012). Étude d’incidence québécoise sur les situations évaluées en protection de la jeunesse en 2008: Rapport final (p. 252). Montreal, QC: Centre jeunesse de Montréal-Institut universitaire. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2522

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Titlesort icon Authors Year Type
A Longitudinal study of the effects of chronic maltreatment on children’s behavioral and emotional problems

Ethier, Louise S.
Lemelin, Jean-Pascal
Lacharité, Carl

2004 Report
Analyse descriptive d'un service d'intervention psychosociale en CLSC pour enfants de 6 à 12 ans victimes d'abus sexuel ou manifestant des comportements sexuels problématiques

Turner, Julie
Chamberland, Claire
Hamelin, Annie
Tourigny, Marc

2001 Report
Child Maltreatment in Québec: Findings from the Incidence Study of 1998

Tourigny,Marc, Mayer, Micheline, Lavergne, Chantal, Trocmé, Nico, Wright, John & Daigneault, Isabelle

2011 Report
Detecting psychological maltreatment: Blows to the head and the heart...

Malo, Claire
Gagné, Marie-Hélène
Labrecque, Stéphane

2005 Information sheet
Disciplining Children in Québec: Parenting norms and practices in 2004

Clément, Marie-Ève
Chamberland, Claire
Aubin, Jacynthe
Dubeau, Denis

2005 Report
Domestic violence: Protecting children by involving fathers and helping mothers

Lavergne, Chantal
Chamberland, Claire
Laporte, Lise
Baraldi, Rosanna

2003 Information sheet
Enquête sur l’application de la Loi sur la protection de la jeunesse par le Centre de protection et de réadaptation de la Côte-Nord

Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse

2013 Report
Entente multisectorielle relative aux enfants victimes d’abus sexuels, de mauvais traitements physiques ou d’une absence de soins menaçant leur santé physique

Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux
Ministère de la Justice
Ministère de la Sécurité publique
Ministère de l'Éducation
Ministère de la Famille et de l'Enfance

2001 Report
Étude exploratoire des manifestations possibles de mauvais traitements psychologiques chez de jeunes parents à risque avec leur enfant d’âge préscolaire : Rapport final

Malo, Claire
Moreau, Jacques
Chamberland, Claire
Roy, Catherine
Léveillé, Sophie
Beauvais, Brigitte

2000 Report
Évaluation d'implantation et d'impact du projet d'intervention massive à l'enfance (PRIME) : Rapport final

Dagenais, Christian
Bastien, Marie-France
Bégin, Jean
Tourigny, Marc

2000 Report

Quebec - Legislation

Quebec Legislation
Youth Protection Act

 

Last Name First Name Organization Province/Territory
Trocmé Nico McGill University Quebec
Carignan Louise Université du Québec à Chicoutimi Quebec
Chamberland Claire Université de Montréal Quebec
Clément Marie-Ève Université du Québec en Outaouais Quebec
Dufour Sarah Université de Montréal Quebec
Ethier Louise S. Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
Guay Danielle Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal Quebec
Hassan Ghayda Université du Québec à Montréal Quebec
Hébert Martine Université du Québec à Montréal Quebec
Hélie Sonia Centre jeunesse de Montréal - Institut universitaire Quebec
Lacharité Carl Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
Larrivée Marie-Claude Université Laval Quebec
Lavergne Chantal Université de Montréal Quebec
Lemay Louise Université de Sherbrooke Quebec
Lessard Geneviève Université Laval Quebec
Razik Noureddine Centre de protection et de réadaptation de la Côte-Nord Quebec
Saint-Jacques Marie-Christine Université Laval Quebec
Simard Marie-Claude Centre jeunesse de Québec - Institut universitaire Quebec
St-Laurent Diane Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
Tourigny Marc Université de Sherbrooke Quebec