Canadian Incidence Study 2008

The most recent Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect was carried out in 2008. The CIS-2008 was the third nation-wide study to examine the incidence of reported child maltreatment and the characteristics of the children and families investigated by child welfare. The current cycle of the study, the First Nations/Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2019 (FN/CIS-2019), is currently in its planning stages, with data collection planned for the fall of 2019.

Click here to download the Full CIS-2008 Report

The CIS-2008 data was gathered from child welfare agencies/offices in every Canadian province and territory. The study employed a similar methodology to the CIS-1998 and CIS-2003 studies so that comparisons can be made.

The primary objective of the CIS‑2008 was to provide reliable estimates of the scope and characteristics of child abuse and neglect investigated by child welfare organizations in Canada in 2008. Specifically, the CIS–2008 was designed to:

  1. determine rates of investigated and substantiated physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, emotional maltreatment, and exposure to intimate partner violence, as well as multiple forms of maltreatment;
  2. investigate the severity of maltreatment as measured by duration, and physical and emotional harm;
  3. examine selected determinants of health that may be associated with maltreatment;
  4. monitor short-term investigation outcomes, including out-of-home placement and use of child welfare court;
  5. compare rates and characteristics of investigations across the 1998, 2003, and 2008 cycles of the CIS.

CIS Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the objectives of the CIS-2008?

The primary objective of the CIS is to provide a reliable estimate of the incidence of reported child abuse and neglect, including rates of investigated and substantiated child maltreatment and the severity of maltreatment. A second objective of the CIS is to compare the rates of substantiated maltreatment, severity of maltreatment, and short-term investigation outcomes over time.

What does the CIS-2008 data collection instrument consist of?

The main data collection instrument used for the CIS-2008 study is a three-page standardized form, called the Maltreatment Assessment Form, which consists of an Intake Face Sheet, a Household Information Sheet, and a Child Information Sheet. These forms are completed by the primary investigating child welfare worker at the end of each child welfare investigation. The Intake Face Sheet collects basic information about the report or referral and near identifying information about the children involved. The Household Information Sheet is only completed if at least one child in the family has been investigated for suspected maltreatment, and the perpetrator of maltreatment is not a community caregiver (e.g., teacher, daycare provider). This Sheet collects descriptive information about the caregivers in the household. Lastly, the Child Information Sheet is completed for each child investigated for maltreatment and documents the various forms of abuse and/or neglect, alleged perpetrator(s), descriptive child information, and information regarding child welfare court, police involvement, and out-of-home placement of the child.

What is involved in study participation?

Data was collected during a three-month period of the study year (October 1 - December 31, 2008). A half-day training was provided to the workers in the fall of 2008, prior to the data collection, so that they understood how to fill out the forms. The CIS research team was available to respond to questions as they arose and an onsite research assistant was present periodically throughout the study to assist workers and agencies with the data collection process. The average worker took approximately 15 minutes to complete one form.

How will the study protect the anonymity of agencies, workers, and investigated families?

The study did not involve any direct contact with children or families. It asked agency workers to fill out data collection sheets based on information that was already in families’ case files. Agency workers were trained NOT to include identifying information on this sheet and any identifying information that was inadvertently included was blacked-out on-site by a research assistant before the forms were sent to the University of Toronto for data entry. No identifying information about the clients left the agency. Reports and articles based on the collected data will only present data aggregated to a level which precludes identification of agencies, workers or families/children. The data set which will be made publicly available will exclude key identifying variables, making it impossible for users to identify the province, agency, worker, or family for which data is reported. The data set will also exclude information that would enable researchers to distinguish First Nations child welfare agencies from mainstream agencies. Research that distinguishes between First Nations and mainstream agencies will only be allowed for proposals that have been reviewed and approved by the First Nations advisory committee.

What was the CIS-2008 sampling process?

The CIS-2008 utilized four-stage sampling process. Firstly, a minimum of one agency or office was selected in each province and territory, with the larger provinces stratified by region. The primary sampling unit for study was a study designed Child Welfare Service Area (CWSA). For the CIS-2008 sample, 114 CWSAs were selected. Next, cases were selected that had been opened in each site over the three-month data collection period of the study year (October to December 2008). From these select open cases, the cases were identified that met the CIS-2008 definitions of investigated maltreatment. Lastly, the final sampling stage involved identifying the specific children who were investigated within these cases.

How does the CIS-2008 calculate national incidence estimates?

Two sets of weights are applied to the CIS-2008 data. Firstly, the results are annualized to estimate the annual volume of cases investigated by each study site. In addition, regional weights are applied to reflect the relative sizes of the selected sites. Regionalization and annualization weights are combined so that each case is multiplied first by an annualization weight and then by a regionalization weight. National incidence estimates are collected by dividing the weighted estimates by the child population (for children age 15 and under). The child population figures for the CIS-2008 sites are based on the 2006 Census data.

Can I make regional comparisons?

Regional comparisons are not possible using the CIS-2008 Public dataset. The study methodology is designed to provide national estimates only.

What is the unit of analysis for the CIS-2008?

The unit of analysis for the CIS-2008 is the child maltreatment investigation. The unit of analysis is not the child because the annualization weight may contain children who have been reported more than once to a Child Welfare Service Area, our primary sampling unit, during the calendar year.

Is Quebec included in the CIS-2008 data set and why was it not included in the CIS-2003 data?

In the CIS-2003 data set, Quebec data were gathered from a recently adopted administrative database that provided limited information. Quebec child welfare offices were included on the basis of availability of data from a common information system that was implemented in the province just prior to data collection for the CIS-2003. The fields contained in this system were mapped onto the CIS-2003 questions. While this approach provided a basis for deriving selected national estimates that include Quebec, there was not sufficient correspondence between the fields and the CIS-2003 questions to include Quebec. For this reason, child maltreatment investigations from Quebec were not included in most of the CIS-2003 report. However, Quebec is included in the CIS-2008 data set and report.

What types of variables are included in the CIS-2008 data set?

With the exception of child age and select worker variables, the variables in the CIS-2008 Public dataset are primarily dichotomous or categorical variables. For example, a question about unsafe housing conditions is categorical, as there are a variety of possible answers including: yes (1), no (0), or unknown (8). However, other questions, such as whether the primary investigating worker has made a referral to alternative dispute resolution, are dichotomous with the possible answers being either yes (1) or no (0).

Are there children over the age of 15 years contained in the dataset?

No. Fifteen years of age is commonly the cut-off age for the delivery of child welfare service in Canada. In 2008, some provinces had higher cut-off ages for the delivery of child welfare service, specifically Alberta (under 18), British Columbia (under 19), Manitoba (under 18), Quebec (under 18), and Yukon Territory (under 18). Thus, children over the age of 15 are contained in those aforementioned provincial datasets, and in the provincial reports of British Columbia, Alberta, and Quebec.

How has the CIS data been used?

The CIS data has been used to support many ongoing policy, research and practice initiatives, including the following:

  • Informed the draft United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child General Comment on the Rights of Indigenous Children and a national funding formula for First Nations child welfare agencies.
  • Informed child welfare policy and legislative reforms in Alberta and Ontario, including the introduction of differential response models in both provinces based on the significant increases in domestic violence, neglect and emotional maltreatment rather than physical and sexual abuse, and the low rates of physical harm.
  • Influenced the changes to the Quebec Youth Protection Act in July 2007, including the introduction of psychological ill-treatment as a major risk factor to a child's security or development.
  • Supported analysis of the (in)adequacy of the supreme court’s criteria for the use of corporal punishment to protect children.
  • Assisted researchers to dispel the myth that CASs were frequently responding to cases of domestic violence by apprehending children.
  • Supported analysis of false allegations of abuse in cases involving custody disputes.
  • Identified and supported investigation into the decline of investigated sexual abuse in Canada.
  • Has been used for international comparisons on multiple issues in child maltreatment.


How are Indigenous children sampled?

Indigenous agencies were sampled from a separate Indigenous pan-Canadian stratum.

How does the CIS-2008 explore specific issues surrounding the incidence of and response to maltreatment of Indigenous children?

The First Nations component of the CIS is designed to explore specific issues surrounding the incidence of and response to maltreatment of Indigenous children. It is guided by a National Advisory Committee comprised of provincial First Nations representatives from across Canada. A full report on the findings from the First Nations CIS-2003 can be found on this website and is titled “Mesnimik Wasatek: Catching a Drop of Light.” The CIS-2008 tripled the number of First Nations agencies from previous CIS cycles, allowing for closer examination of the forms of neglect that contribute to Indigenous overrepresentation in the child welfare system. This increase in First Nations agencies for data collection also allows for preliminary comparisons between First Nations run child welfare agencies and mainstream agencies.

What are the potential benefits of Indigenous child welfare agencies participating in the study?

Being the first national study on child maltreatment to collect disaggregated data on First Nations, Inuit, and Métis, the CIS has made a significant impact at the international, national, and local levels. The results of past CIS cycles informed the draft United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment on the Rights of Indigenous Children, and a national funding formula for First Nations child welfare agencies. The CIS findings have also been used by First Nations child and family service agencies and provinces to retool services for First Nations children. Indeed, the impact of past CIS cycles was such that the Wen:De report, a review of First Nations child and family services produced by the First Nations Child & Family Caring Society of Canada (FNCFCS) and ratified by the Assembly of First Nations and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, placed a high priority on expanding the First Nations component of the CIS. FNCIS-2008 more than tripled the number of Indigenous child welfare agencies included in the 2003 sample. The increased sample size will allow for a more detailed and systematic examination of the nature of and response to maltreatment of Indigenous children. Accordingly, FNCIS-2008 has the potential to have an even greater impact on Indigenous child welfare programs and policies than previous cycles. In addition, the CIS research team is committed to increasing the capacity of child welfare agencies to collect and analyze child welfare data and will work with interested agencies to support their capacity development efforts.

In the CIS-2008 research pertaining to Indigenous children, how are the OCAP principles adhered to?

The First Nations CIS (FNCIS) 2008 was overseen by a First Nations Advisory Committee that has the principle responsibility for ensuring Indigenous ownership of and control over the research project. The First Nations Child and Family Caring Society played a key role in the organization of the 2008 FNCIS, as well as, the past two cycles of the study. The other advisory committee members are representatives of national and provincial level organizations involved in Indigenous child welfare. Committee members: oversaw the full research process, informed and approved the sampling framework, developed and helped ensure compliance with ethical guidelines, facilitated the recruitment of participating agencies, helped to prioritize secondary analyses, and will assist with dissemination to interested communities. FNCIS researchers also worked closely with individual communities included in the study. They obtained formal approval from the agency directors and band councils of all participating agencies and, where they existed, from agency board of directors and band ethics boards before initiating data collection. The research team members and/or advisory committee also keep all communities updated about project progress, directly answer community questions whenever requested, provide each participating agency with a report summarizing local data, and support research capacity building efforts of interested agencies.

Who does the First Nations CIS-2008 Advisory Committee Member Organizations consist of?

The First Nations CIS-2008 Advisory Committee Member Organizations consists of the following organizations: First Nations Child & Family Caring Society, Yellowhead Tribal Services Agency, Mi’kmaw Family & Child Services of Nova Scotia, First Nations of Quebec & Labrador Health & Social Services Commission, Assembly of First Nations, Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs, North Shore MicMac District Council, Public Health Agency of Canada, Caring for First Nations Children Society, Saskatchewan First Nations Family & Community Institute, and the Association of Native Child & Family Services Agencies of Ontario.


Study Documents
Title Authors Year of Publication
Maltreatment-related investigations involving children with academic difficulty in Canada in 2008: Age, gender and primary category of investigated maltreatment

Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Fallon, Barbara

Physical abuse among Asian families in the Canadian child welfare system

Lee, Barbara
Rha, Wendy
Fallon, Barbara

Subtypes of exposure to intimate partner violence within a Canadian child welfare sample: Associated risks and child maladjustment

Gonzalez, Andrea
MacMillan, Harriet
Tanaka, Masako
Jack, Susan M.
Tonmyr, Lil

Why are suspected cases of child maltreatment referred by educators so often unsubstantiated?

King, Colin B.
Scott, Katreena L.

An examination of delinquency in a national Canadian sample of child maltreatment-related investigations

Van Wert, Melissa
Ma, Jennifer
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara

Child maltreatment-related investigations involving infants: Opportunities for resilience?

Fallon, Barbara
Ma, Jennifer
Allan, Kate
Trocmé, Nico
Jud, Andreas

Exploring alternate specifications to explain agency-level effects in placement decisions regarding Aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect part B

Chabot, Martin
Fallon, Barbara
Tonmyr, Lil
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy

Non-English/non-French speaking caregivers involved with the Canadian child welfare system: Findings from the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2008)

Ma, Jennifer
Van Wert, Melissa
Lee, Barbara
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

Physical abuse and physical punishment in Canada

Jud, Andreas
Trocmé, Nico

Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect part A: Comparisons of the 1998 and 2003 surveys

Fallon, Barbara
Chabot, Martin
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy
MacLaurin, Bruce
Tonmyr, Lil

2008 Team

CIS Research Team

University of TorontoMcGill UniversityUniversity of CalgaryCJM-IUUniversité Laval


Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work
246 Bloor Street West
Toronto, ON
M5S 1A1

• Barbara Fallon: CIS Director and Co-Investigator, Principal Investigator for Ontario

(416) 978-2527

Barbara Fallon, MSW, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. Dr. Fallon is the director and co-investigator for the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008), and was the co-manager of the CIS-2003 and for the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2003 (OIS-2003) at the Center for Excellence in Child Welfare (CECW) at the University of Toronto Faculty of Social Work. She was also the co-manager of these studies during the CIS-1998. Dr. Fallon has managed several other national Canadian child welfare research projects. Research interests include child welfare workers, organizational behaviour and service delivery effectiveness. She has extensive experience in conducting research focusing primarily on women and children. Dr. Fallon has worked for 15 years in various capacities including program evaluation, child welfare, and non-profit management. She has published peer reviewed articles and book chapters on these topics.

Tara Black: Co-Manager

(416) 946-0218

Tara Black, MSW, PhD, is the co-manager for the CIS-2008 at the University of Toronto Faculty of Social Work, and was a Research Assistant for the CIS-2003. The title of Dr. Black’s doctoral thesis is, “Children’s Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV): Challenging Assumptions About Child Protection Practices”. Dr. Black has experience in conducting research with projects such as the reliability and predictive validity of a child welfare risk assessment tool. She has worked for eight years in various capacities including positions at youth treatment centres, front-line child protection, as a Research and Teaching Assistant for the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, and as a report writer for the United Nations Secretary General’s Violence Against Children Regional Consultation.

Caroline Felstiner: Co-Manager

(416) 978-1386

Caroline Felstiner, MSW is the co-manager for the CIS 2008 at the University of Toronto Faculty of Social Work. Ms. Felstiner worked for seven years as a front line child protection worker in Québec and Ontario. Ms. Felstiner participated in study planning, sampling, training, data collection and report writing for the CIS-2003. She completed her Master’s degree in Social Work at the University of Toronto in 2001.

Kate Schumaker: Co-Manager

(416) 978-1386

Kate Schumaker, MSW, is the co-manager for the CIS-2008 at the University of Toronto Faculty of Social Work. Kate worked for the Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services, and in a child protection agency as a front-line worker and in a research capacity. Kate is currently a doctoral student at the University of Toronto Faculty of Social Work.

Tina Crockford: Site Researcher

(416) 978-1386

Tina Crockford, BA (Hons), is a site researcher for the CIS-2008 at the University of Toronto. Prior to joining the CIS team Tina worked as a Research Associate at the Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare. She has contributed to various articles and fact sheets on child welfare.

• Ken Barter: Site Researcher

(709) 737-2030

Ken Barter, PhD, RSW, is a professor with the School of Social Work, Memorial University, St. John’s, NL. He worked in public child welfare systems for 30 years prior to entering academia in 1995. His research and publications focus on community capacity building as an alternative approach to child protection. He has presented this approach to national and international audiences. Ken was involved in the previous two CIS studies and is currently the CIS representative for the three sites in the Atlantic provinces.

Carolyn Golden, Research Assistant

(416) 395-0580

Carolyn Golden, MSW, completed her degree requirements with the University of Toronto Faculty of Social Work through a field placement with the CIS-2008. Ms. Golden continues to assist in the orientation and data collection for the CIS-2008 while working as a front line worker at a child protection agency. Ms Golden has worked in child welfare for the past three years. Furthermore, she has previous experience working with the City of Toronto as an Integration Facilitator for children with special needs, as well as community level work regarding homelessness and mental health.

• Barbara Lee: Researcher Assistant

(416) 946-5099

Barbara Lee, BA, BSW (Child Welfare Specialization), MSW (Specializing in Children and Family and Collaborative Graduate Studies in Ethnic and Pluralism), is a doctoral student at the University of Toronto. Barbara Lee has worked in various capacities including positions at multicultural community agencies, youth residential group homes, and front-line child protection. Barbara Lee is a research assistant with the CIS-2008.

• Adina Herbert: Researcher Assistant

(416) 946-0218

Adina Herbert, BAH, MSW, is a post-graduate fellow at the Hincks Dellcrest Centre in Family Therapy. She has clinical experience working in children’s mental health and geriatric inpatient psychiatry, as well as working in recreational programs for children. Adina’s research interests include intergenerational mental health, and the way parents with mental health issues experience the child welfare system. Adina has been a research assistant with the CIS 2008 since April 2009.

• Christine DuRoss: Researcher Assistant

(416) 946-0218

Christine DuRoss, B.A. Hon., is a second-year MSW student at University of Toronto, in the Children and Families specialization. She has been working with the CIS-2008 since May 2009. Christine's academic background is in Psychology and her research interests are primarily in child welfare. Specifically, she is interested in studying maltreatment recurrence, out-of-home child welfare placements, and the risk assessment tools used by front line child protection workers.

• Melissa Van Wert: Researcher Assistant

(416) 978-1386

Melissa Van Wert, BAH, MSW in progress, has worked for the CIS-2008 as a research assistant since May 2009. Melissa has clinical experience working with children and teens with developmental disabilities, in both residential treatment settings and recreational settings. Her research interests include the intersection of the youth justice and child welfare systems, infant mental health and neglect, and First Nations child welfare.



Centre for Research on Children and Families
3506 University Street, Suite 106
Montreal, QC
H3A 2A7

Nico Trocmé: Principal Investigator, CIS and EIQ

(514) 398-5399

Nico Trocmé, MSW, PhD is a Professor and holds the Philip Fisher Chair in Social Work at the McGill University School of Social Work. Dr. Trocmé is the PI for the CIS-2008, and was the PI for the 1998 and 2003 cycles of the CIS. He is also involved with a number of research teams, including the development and evaluation of home-based comprehensive treatment model in situations of chronic neglect and a survey of risk and resilience for youth receiving child welfare services. Dr. Trocmé was the chair of the National Advisory Committee overseeing the evaluation of the Alberta Response Model and was as a member of the Ontario Panel of Experts on Child Protection and of the Panel d’experts for the Association des centres jeunesse du Québec. He has presented expert evidence at several coroner inquests and provides evaluation and service planning consultation to a number of child welfare organizations. Prior to completing his PhD, Dr. Trocmé worked for five years as a child welfare and children's mental health social worker.

Vandna Sinha: Principal Investigator – First Nations Component, CIS Co-investigator

(514) 398-4864

Vandna Sinha, PhD is a Postdoctoral Scholar at the Centre for Research on Children and Families in the McGill University School of Social Work. Dr. Sinha is the PI for the First Nations Component of the CIS-2008. Her research interests include the construction of community and the ways in which members of disadvantaged and minority communities address factors that limit their quality of life and access to opportunity. Her previous experience includes work on several research projects in the U.S. and Canada, which used a variety of research methods to explore questions of community in the context of neighborhoods, schools and social policy reforms. Prior to entering graduate school, Dr. Sinha spent five years working with neighborhood-based housing and children’s organizations.

Elizabeth Fast: Co-Manager

(514) 398-4864

Elizabeth Fast, MSW and doctoral student, is a co-manager for the CIS-2008 at the McGill University Faculty of Social Work, and coordinator of the First Nations component of the CIS. Elizabeth worked for six years in the field of child welfare in Ontario and Québec and has supervisory and training experience with front-line workers. Her research experience includes using file level data to measure levels of clinical “best practice” at one child welfare organization for cases of child sexual abuse.

Pamela Weightman: EIQ Coordinator

(514) 398-4864

Pamela Weightman, BSW and MSW student, is a coordinator of the Québec portion of the CIS-2008 at the McGill University Faculty of Social Work. Pamela worked in the field of child welfare for three years.

• Shelley Thomas Prokop, First Nations Research Associate

(306) 373-2874 or Toll Free: (866) 993-2874

Shelley Thomas Prokop, MCEd, is a member of the Beardys & Okemasis First Nation in Saskatchewan. She is the site researcher for the First Nations component of the CIS in Saskatchewan, Alberta and one site in British Columbia. Shelley has spent the last 15 years working in community development and research focusing on child welfare, intimate partner violence, and First Nations health. Throughout her work Shelley strives to ensure ethics and respect for all those she works with. Most of her work has been in Saskatchewan with First Nations people and communities.

• Tara Petti: MSW Practicum Student

(204) 232-6631

Tara Petti, BA, BSW, has worked in First Nation Child Welfare since 2001. She is currently employed at Southern First Nations Network of Care as Director of Quality Assurance and is completing an MSW through the distance education program at the University of Calgary. Tara is very interested in child welfare research, particularly in First Nations child welfare, and is delighted to work with this team!

• Meghan Mulcahy: Research Assistant

(514) 476-0154

Meghan Mulcahy, MSW,  was a research assistant with the Centre for Research on Children and Families. Meghan's qualitative thesis research explores how mothers make meaning of a child protection encounter. Meghan has worked as an outreach worker in both urban British Columbia and rural Nova Scotia, providing strength and harm-reduction based advocacy, group work and supportive counseling to women and adolescent girls.

• Michele Sullivan: Research Assistant

(514) 244-9396

Michele Sullivan, BSW,  has professional experience that includes over ten years in management roles with a focus on training and development. She provided overall organizational support to the CIS and other projects at the Centre for Research on Children and Families.

• Martin Chabot: Psychometrician

(514) 398-6656

Martin Chabot has completed undergraduate and graduate studies in mathematics, cognitive psychology and psychometry. Martin has work on the Plate-forme informationnelle pour le bien-être de l’enfant (PIBE) project and is currently working at the Centre for Research on Children and Families. He is responsible for database construction, merging and maintenance, data analysis and planning.



Faculty of Social Work
2500 University Drive, NW
Calgary, AB
T2N 1N4

Bruce MacLaurin: Co-Investigator, PI for Oversampling studies in BC, Alberta and Saskatchewan

(403) 220-4698

Bruce MacLaurin, MSW, PhD (Cand.) is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary. He is the co-investigator for the CIS-2008, and was the co-manager of the CIS-2003 and PI for the Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2003. Previously he worked at the Bell Canada Child Welfare Research Unit where he was involved as the co-manager of the CIS-1998 and a research associate for the national Client Outcomes in Child Welfare Project. He was the co-investigator on a CIHR street youth study examining health and HIV. His research and publishing has focused on child welfare service delivery, foster care outcomes, child maltreatment, and street youth in Canada, and he has more than 15 years experience in non-profit children’s services in Alberta and Ontario.

Janet Douglas: Manager - British Columbia Incidence Study

Janet Douglas, MSW, PhD (Cand.), has been involved with the CIS since 1998, and is the British Columbia Incidence Study Manager for the 2008 cycle. She has been a child protection social worker for over twenty-years, and is currently working on her PhD at the University of British Columbia. Her research interests include the health status of children living in marijuana grow-operations, child welfare decision-making, and social worker safety.

Rick Enns: Investigator of the Alberta Incidence Study (AIS-2008) and the Saskatchewan Incidence Study (SIS-2008)

(780) 492-6971

Rick Enns PhD, RSW, completed a MSW specializing in family therapy with adolescents at the University of Manitoba in 1991. He completed his PhD in Educational Psychology at the University of Alberta in 2001. His doctoral studies examined the effects of intensive, home-based services for adolescents in conflict with the law alongside the effects of existing clinic-based services. His teaching interests include social work practice with families, research and evaluation, mental health, and Aboriginal issues. He has conducted archival research into industrial and residential schools across the prairies and early child welfare services for Aboriginal children, and is currently involved in a number of research projects focusing on immigration and housing across the prairies.

• Richard Feehan: Co-Investigator of the AIS-2008 and the SIS-2008

(780) 435-5938

Richard Feehan, MSW, has been a Social Worker in Alberta since 1982. Over the years, he has worked as a child welfare worker in Edmonton, Alberta and Guelph and Wellington County, Ontario. He was in private practice from 1987 to 2000 with a specialization in the area of child sexual abuse. Subsequently, he was the Director of Family Services at Catholic Social Services and has most recently been teaching in the Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary, Edmonton Division. Presently, Richard is completing his PhD in Human Ecology – Family Studies. His dissertation will focus on modeling the relationship between family functioning and social inclusion with low income families.

Jill Holroyd: SIS Representative

(306) 787-3613

Jill Holroyd, BA, BSW, started working for the Department of Social Services in 1990 as a front line worker in the Income Assistance field. She moved to Child and Family Services in 1996 and worked as a front line worker for nine years. During this time she worked in the areas of Young Offenders, Child Protection, Services to Children in Care, Teen and Young Parent Program and Adoption. In 2005 she moved to Central Office where she worked on a workload measurement project. Jill started working in her current position in the Research and Evaluation Branch in 2006. In this position, her main focus has been on data analysis especially in the area of Child and Family Services.

Alison Barker: Research Assistant

(604) 924-8166

Alison Barker, BA, BSW, is a research assistant with CIS, as well as a social worker with the Ministry of Children and Family Development Provincial After Hours team in Vancouver. She completed her BA at UBC in 1994, followed by her BSW at UVIC in 1997.

• Janet Farnell: Program Manager in the Government of Saskatchewan

(306) 787-7222

Janet Farnell is the Senior Program Manager and Child Protection / Interprovincial Coordinator in the Family Support and Child Protection Services unit of the Ministry of Social Services in Saskatchewan.

Jordan Gail: Research Associate

(403) 220-8662

Jordan Gail, MSW student is a research associate with the CIS-2008 at the University of Calgary Faculty of Social Work. Jordan worked for two years for Alberta Children's Services as a case manager specializing in domestic violence (Lethbrige) and a generalist caseworker (Crowsnest Pass). Notable research experience includes a qualitative study on 'Attributions for poverty amongst Evangelicals' (on-going) as well as work with the Centre for Social Work Research and Professional Development.

Scott Horvath: CIS Research Assistant – Central and Northern British Columbia

(250) 565-6643

Scott Horvath, BA, BSW, originally came to British Columbia from Saskatchewan where he worked for various government departments, youth services, probation and corrections. He has been a resident of Prince George since 1993 and has enjoyed a varied career with the Ministry for Children and Family Development. Scott has been a front line child protection worker, team leader, community services manager and is currently the operational planner and project coordinator for the region. Scott has a Bachelor degree in sociology from the University of Saskatchewan, a Bachelor of social work degree from the University of Regina, and is currently writing his thesis for a Masters of Social Work from the University of Northern British Columbia. His area of research is developing a better understanding of how information technology can better support clinical and administrative case management for social workers.


Centre Jeunesse de Montréal - Institut Universitaire (CJM-IU)

Institut Universitaire
1001, Boul. Maisonneuve Est,
Montréal, QC
H2L 4R5

• Sonia Hélie: Chercheure co-responsable de l'ÉIQ

(514) 896-3497

Sonia Hélie, PhD, s’intéresse à l’épidémiologie des mauvais traitements envers les enfants et aux trajectoires des enfants dans les services de protection de la jeunesse. Elle est co-responsable de la troisième étude d’incidence québécoise sur les signalements en protection de la jeunesse et de l’évaluation d’impact de la nouvelle Loi sur la protection de la jeunesse. Ses travaux récents portent sur la récurrence des signalements, la durée d’intervention et la discontinuité des services en protection de la jeunesse, des analyses entièrement réalisées à partir des données PIJ. Elle s’est également impliquée dans les travaux de la Plateforme informationnelle pour le bien-être de l’enfant (PIBE), un partenariat provincial recherche-CJ dont le but est de favoriser l’exploitation des données PIJ pour réaliser des recherches pertinentes pour les CJ. Ces travaux lui ont permis de développer une expertise précieuse dans l’analyse des données administratives, une connaissance approfondie des services de protection de la jeunesse et des formes de maltraitance. Elle est membre du GRAVE-Ardec et de l’IRDS depuis 1997.

Audrée-Jade Carignan: Coordinatrice de l'ÉIQ

(514) 896-3149

Audrée-Jade Carignan, MA, est l'un des coordonnatrices del'étude d'incidence québécoise ainsi que del'évaluation d'impact des nouvelles dispositions de la loi sur la protection de la jeunesse à l'Institut de recherche pour le développement social des jeunes (Centre jeunesse de Montréal-institut universitaire). Audrée-Jade a complété un baccalauréat en sexologie et une maîtrise en sexologie profil intervention-recherche. Elle travaille depuis 3 ans dans le domaine de l'élaboration, de l'implantation et de l'évaluation de programmes auprès des jeunes en difficulté d'apprentissage et d'adaption fréquentant les secteurs d'adaptation scolaire.

Geneviève Lamonde: Coordinatrice de l'ÉIQ

(418) 661-6951, poste 1722

Geneviève Lamonde, MSS, est professionnelle de recherche à l’équipe scientifique du Centre jeunesse de Québec–Institut universitaire depuis l’automne 2002. Elle a collaboré à plusieurs projets de recherche, notamment en évaluation de programmes. Elle œuvre à titre de coordonnatrice pour le volet québécois de l’étude canadienne d’incidence.



École de service social
Pavillon Charles-De Koninck, bureau 5444
Québec, QC
G1K 7P4

Daniel Turcotte: Chercheur co-responsable de l'EIQ

(418) 656-2131, poste 2058

Daniel Turcotte, PhD, est professeur titulaire à l’École de service social de l’Université Laval et chercheur au Centre de recherche JEFAR et au Centre jeunesse de Québec-Institut universitaire. Ses enseignements portent sur l’intervention sociale auprès des groupes et sur les méthodes qualitatives. Ses recherches ont trait à l’évaluation des programmes et des services s’adressant aux jeunes et aux familles à risque.



CIS-2008 Timelines

This page outlines the timeline for the CIS 2008 cycle. The column on the left hand side outlines the specific steps of the project. The column on the right hand side lists the dates associated with each step.

Timeline for the CIS 2008

Sample sites selected and recruited

February 2008 - August 2008
Ethics Review Committee approval received
for instrument and study methodology
February 2008
Pilot testing
May 2008 - September 2008
Data collection instrument finalized
September 2008
Data collection period
October 1st - December 31st, 2008

Data confirmation and entry

January 2009 - August 2009

Data cleaned

August 2009 - December 2009
Data analyzed and preliminary
report drafted
September 2009 - April 2010

Last revisions of study report and database

April 2010 - August 2010
Final CIS - 2008 Report released October 2010



CIS-2008 Funders

Funding and/or in kind support for the CIS-2008 came from a variety of sources; namely, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), Provincial and Territorial child welfare authorities, Aboriginal child welfare organizations, participating universities, and research funding organizations.

Public Health Agency of Canada

Core funding for the CIS-2008 is provided by the Public Health Agency of Canada’s Injury and Child Maltreatment Division.

Provinces and Territories

All provinces and territories provided considerable staffing support for the CIS-2008 through their child welfare workers, support staff, and administrators. In addition, the following provinces provided funds to oversample in their jurisdiction with the aim of producing province-specific estimates and supporting the First Nations component of the CIS:

  • Alberta (Oversampling)
  • British Columbia (Oversampling & FNCIS)
  • Manitoba (FNCIS)
  • Ontario (Oversampling & FNCIS)
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Quebec (Oversampling)
  • Saskatchewan (Oversampling)

Universities and Research Grants

Salary support for the CIS investigators, research infrastructure and additional grant funding were provided by the following organizations:

  • McGill University
  • University of Toronto
  • University of Calgary
  • Université Laval
  • Centre jeunesse de Montréal, Institut Universitaire
  • Canadian Foundation for Innovation
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
  • Royal Bank of Canada
  • Centres of Excellence for Child Well-Being, Public Health Agency of Canada


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