child abuse & neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Journal article
Pathways linking childhood maltreatment and adolescent sexual risk behaviors: The role of attachment security
Thibodeau, Marie-Eve
Lavoie, Francine
Hébert, Martine
Blais, Martin
Journal article
Physical and mental health of sexually abuse youth: Gender comparisons from a matched-control cohort study

Daigneault, Isabelle
Vézina-Gagnon, Pascale
Bourgeois, Catherine 
Esposito, Tonino
Hébert, Martine

Information Sheet
Poverty and Ontario’s Child Welfare Involved Population

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

Journal article
Predicting chronic neglect: Understanding risk and protective factors for CPS‐involved families

Logan-Greene, Patricia
Semanchin Jones, Annette

Report
Quebec Incidence Study 2014 (ÉIQ-2014): Final Report

Hélie, Sonia
Collin-Vézina, Delphine
Turcotte, Daniel
Trocmé, Nico
Girouard, Nadine

Information Sheet
Recurrence Rates by Child Protection Concern

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara 
Ekins, Anna  
O’Connor, Carolyn 
Betito, Paul-André 

Information Sheet
Recurrence Rates by Urgent Protection and Chronic Need

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara 
Ekins, Anna  
O’Connor, Carolyn 
Betito, Paul-André 

Journal article
Sexual abuse and preschoolers: Forensic details in regard of question types
Gagnon, Karine
Cyr, Mireille
Information Sheet
Sexual Abuse Substantiation by Subtype and Outcomes of Sexual Abuse Investigations by Gender

Fallon, Barbara
Collin-Vézina, Delphine 
King, Bryn
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Houston, Emmaline
Black, Tara

Information Sheet
SPI 10 Discharge Rates by Placement Type

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara 
Ekins, Anna  
O’Connor, Carolyn 
Betito, Paul-André