child abuse & neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Information Sheet
A Profile of Investigation Type by Child Age in Ontario in 2013

Filippelli, Joanne
Moody, Brenda
Fallon, Barbara

Information Sheet
A Profile of Risk Investigations Transferred to Ongoing Services by Child Age in Ontario in 2013

Filippelli, Joanne
Stoddart, Jill
Fallon, Barbara

Journal article
A prospective study of the impact of child maltreatment and friend support on psychological distress trajectory: From adolescence to emerging adulthood

Dion, Jacinthe
Matte-Gagné, Célia
Daigneault, Isabelle
Blackburn, Marie-Eve
Hébert, Martine
McDuff, Pierre
Auclair, Julie
Veillette, Suzanne
Perron, Michel

Report
Approach with Caution: Why the Story of One Vulnerable B.C. Youth Can't Be Told

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Journal article
Association of child abuse exposure with suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts in military personnel and the general population in Canada

Afifi, Tracie O.
Taillieu, Tamara
Zamorski, Mark A.
Turner, Sarah
Cheung, Kristene
Sareen, Jitender

Journal article
Characteristics of sexually abused children and their nonoffending mothers followed by child welfare services: The role of a maternal history of child sexual abuse
Baril, Karine
Tourigny, Marc
Paillé, Pierre
Pauzé, Robert
Journal article
Child abuse and physical health in adulthood
Afifi, Tracie O.
MacMillan, Harriet L. 
Boyle, Michael
Cheung, Kristene
Taillieu, Tamara
Turner, Sarah
Sareen, Jitender
Information Sheet
Child Custody/Access Disputes in Child Maltreatment-Related Investigations in Ontario in 2013

Deljavan, Sevil
Black, Tara
Saini, Michael
Fallon, Barbara

Journal article
Child maltreatment and intimate partner violence among Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians
Brownridge, Douglas A. 
Taillieu, Tamara
Afifi, Tracie
Chan, Ko Ling
Emery, Clifton
Lavoie, Josee
Elgar, Frank
Information Sheet
Child Maltreatment-Related Service Decisions by Ethno-Racial Categories in Ontario in 2013

Fallon, Barbara
Black, Tara
Van Wert, Melissa
King, Bryn
Filippelli, Joanne
Lee, Barbara
Moody, Brenda