child abuse & neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Journal article
Child sexual abuse as a risk factor for teen dating violence: Findings from a representative sample of Quebec youth
Hébert, Martine
Moreau, Catherine
Blais, Martin
Lavoie, Francine
Guerrier, Mireille
Journal article
Child sexual abuse, bullying, cyberbullying, and mental health problems among high schools students: A moderated mediated model
Hébert, Martine 
Cénat, Jude Mary
Blais, Martin
Lavoie, Francine
Guerrier, Mireille
Journal article
Childhood maltreatment and the course of depressive and anxiety disorders: The contribution of personality characteristics

Hovens, Jacqueline G. F. M.
Giltay, Erik J.
van Hemert, Albert M.
Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.

Journal article
Childhood maltreatment as a risk factor for COPD: Findings from a population-based survey of Canadian adults
Shields, Margot E
Hovdestad, Wendy E
Gilbert, Charles P
Tonmyr, Lil E
Journal article
Delineating disproportionality and disparity of Asian-Canadian versus White-Canadian households in the child welfare system

Lee, Barbara
Fuller-Thomson, Esme
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Black, Tara

Journal article
Duration in poverty-related programs and number of child maltreatment reports: A multilevel negative binomial study

Hyunil, Kim
Drake, Brett

Journal article
Emotion regulation in sexually abused preschoolers: The contribution of parental factors
Langevin, Rachel
Hébert, Martine
Allard-Dansereau, Claire
Bernard-Bonnin, Anne-Claude
Information Sheet
Ethno-racial Categories and Child Welfare Decisions: Exploring the Relationship with Poverty

Antwi-Boasiako, Kofi
King, Bryn
Black, Tara
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Goodman, Deborah

Journal article
Evolution over a year of individual protective factors in preschool victims of sexual abuse
Langevin, Rachel
Hébert, Martine
Journal article
Examining the impact of policy and legislation on the identification of neglect in Ontario: Trends over time
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Sanders, Jane Elizabeth
Houston, Emmaline A.L.