Étude d'incidence canadienne 2008

L’Étude canadienne sur l’incidence des signalements de cas de violence et de négligence envers les enfants 2008 (ECI-2008) est la troisième étude d’envergure nationale portant sur l’incidence des signalements de mauvais traitements infligés aux enfants et sur le profil des enfants et des familles sur lesquels enquêtent les services de protection de l’enfance. Le cycle actuel de l'étude, l’Étude Canadienne et des Premières Nations sur l’incidence des signalements de cas de violence et de négligence envers les enfants 2019 (EIC/PN-2019), est actuellement à la phase de planification. La collecte de données est prévue pour l'automne 2019.

Cliquez ici pour télécharger le Rapport complet de l'ECI-2008

Les données de l’ECI-2008 proviennent des organismes et bureaux de protection de l’enfance de chaque province et territoire canadiens. Les chercheurs ont utilisé une méthodologie semblable à celles de l’ECI-1998 et de l’ECI-2003 afin de pouvoir effectuer des comparaisons.

Le principal objectif de l’ECI-2008 est de fournir des estimations fiables sur l’ampleur et les caractéristiques des cas de violence et de négligence envers les enfants ayant fait l’objet d’une enquête des services de protection de l’enfance au Canada en 2008. Plus précisément, l’ECI-2008 a été conçue aux fins suivantes :

  1. Déterminer le taux des cas de violence physique, d’abus sexuel, de négligence, de violence psychologique et d’exposition à la violence conjugale ayant fait l’objet d’une enquête et ayant été corroborés ainsi que les multiples formes de maltraitance;
  2. Examiner la gravité des mauvais traitements mesurée selon la durée et les sévices physiques et psychologiques;
  3. Étudier certains déterminants de la santé susceptibles d’être associés aux mauvais traitements;
  4. Surveiller les issues des enquêtes à court terme, le placement des enfants et le recours aux tribunaux de la jeunesse;
  5. Comparer les taux et les caractéristiques des enquêtes pour les cycles 1998, 2003 et 2008 de l’ECI. 

Foire aux questions (FAQ) de l'ECI

What are the objectives of the CIS-2008?

The primary objective of the CIS is to provide a reliable estimate of the incidence of reported child abuse and neglect, including rates of investigated and substantiated child maltreatment and the severity of maltreatment. A second objective of the CIS is to compare the rates of substantiated maltreatment, severity of maltreatment, and short-term investigation outcomes over time.

What does the CIS-2008 data collection instrument consist of?

The main data collection instrument used for the CIS-2008 study is a three-page standardized form, called the Maltreatment Assessment Form, which consists of an Intake Face Sheet, a Household Information Sheet, and a Child Information Sheet. These forms are completed by the primary investigating child welfare worker at the end of each child welfare investigation. The Intake Face Sheet collects basic information about the report or referral and near identifying information about the children involved. The Household Information Sheet is only completed if at least one child in the family has been investigated for suspected maltreatment, and the perpetrator of maltreatment is not a community caregiver (e.g., teacher, daycare provider). This Sheet collects descriptive information about the caregivers in the household. Lastly, the Child Information Sheet is completed for each child investigated for maltreatment and documents the various forms of abuse and/or neglect, alleged perpetrator(s), descriptive child information, and information regarding child welfare court, police involvement, and out-of-home placement of the child.

What is involved in study participation?

Data was collected during a three-month period of the study year (October 1 - December 31, 2008). A half-day training was provided to the workers in the fall of 2008, prior to the data collection, so that they understood how to fill out the forms. The CIS research team was available to respond to questions as they arose and an onsite research assistant was present periodically throughout the study to assist workers and agencies with the data collection process. The average worker took approximately 15 minutes to complete one form.

How will the study protect the anonymity of agencies, workers, and investigated families?

The study did not involve any direct contact with children or families. It asked agency workers to fill out data collection sheets based on information that was already in families’ case files. Agency workers were trained NOT to include identifying information on this sheet and any identifying information that was inadvertently included was blacked-out on-site by a research assistant before the forms were sent to the University of Toronto for data entry. No identifying information about the clients left the agency. Reports and articles based on the collected data will only present data aggregated to a level which precludes identification of agencies, workers or families/children. The data set which will be made publicly available will exclude key identifying variables, making it impossible for users to identify the province, agency, worker, or family for which data is reported. The data set will also exclude information that would enable researchers to distinguish First Nations child welfare agencies from mainstream agencies. Research that distinguishes between First Nations and mainstream agencies will only be allowed for proposals that have been reviewed and approved by the First Nations advisory committee.

What was the CIS-2008 sampling process?

The CIS-2008 utilized four-stage sampling process. Firstly, a minimum of one agency or office was selected in each province and territory, with the larger provinces stratified by region. The primary sampling unit for study was a study designed Child Welfare Service Area (CWSA). For the CIS-2008 sample, 114 CWSAs were selected. Next, cases were selected that had been opened in each site over the three-month data collection period of the study year (October to December 2008). From these select open cases, the cases were identified that met the CIS-2008 definitions of investigated maltreatment. Lastly, the final sampling stage involved identifying the specific children who were investigated within these cases.

How does the CIS-2008 calculate national incidence estimates?

Two sets of weights are applied to the CIS-2008 data. Firstly, the results are annualized to estimate the annual volume of cases investigated by each study site. In addition, regional weights are applied to reflect the relative sizes of the selected sites. Regionalization and annualization weights are combined so that each case is multiplied first by an annualization weight and then by a regionalization weight. National incidence estimates are collected by dividing the weighted estimates by the child population (for children age 15 and under). The child population figures for the CIS-2008 sites are based on the 2006 Census data.

Can I make regional comparisons?

Regional comparisons are not possible using the CIS-2008 Public dataset. The study methodology is designed to provide national estimates only.

What is the unit of analysis for the CIS-2008?

The unit of analysis for the CIS-2008 is the child maltreatment investigation. The unit of analysis is not the child because the annualization weight may contain children who have been reported more than once to a Child Welfare Service Area, our primary sampling unit, during the calendar year.

Is Quebec included in the CIS-2008 data set and why was it not included in the CIS-2003 data?

In the CIS-2003 data set, Quebec data were gathered from a recently adopted administrative database that provided limited information. Quebec child welfare offices were included on the basis of availability of data from a common information system that was implemented in the province just prior to data collection for the CIS-2003. The fields contained in this system were mapped onto the CIS-2003 questions. While this approach provided a basis for deriving selected national estimates that include Quebec, there was not sufficient correspondence between the fields and the CIS-2003 questions to include Quebec. For this reason, child maltreatment investigations from Quebec were not included in most of the CIS-2003 report. However, Quebec is included in the CIS-2008 data set and report.

What types of variables are included in the CIS-2008 data set?

With the exception of child age and select worker variables, the variables in the CIS-2008 Public dataset are primarily dichotomous or categorical variables. For example, a question about unsafe housing conditions is categorical, as there are a variety of possible answers including: yes (1), no (0), or unknown (8). However, other questions, such as whether the primary investigating worker has made a referral to alternative dispute resolution, are dichotomous with the possible answers being either yes (1) or no (0).

Are there children over the age of 15 years contained in the dataset?

No. Fifteen years of age is commonly the cut-off age for the delivery of child welfare service in Canada. Some provinces have higher cut-off ages for the delivery of child welfare service, specifically Alberta (under 18), British Columbia (under 19), Manitoba (under 18), Quebec (under 18), and Yukon Territory (under 18). Thus, children over the age of 15 are contained in those aforementioned provincial datasets, and will be included in the provincial reports of British Columbia, Alberta, and Quebec.

How has the CIS data been used?

The CIS data has been used to support many ongoing policy, research and practice initiatives, including the following:

  • Informed the draft United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child General Comment on the Rights of Indigenous Children and a national funding formula for First Nations child welfare agencies.
  • Informed child welfare policy and legislative reforms in Alberta and Ontario, including the introduction of differential response models in both provinces based on the significant increases in domestic violence, neglect and emotional maltreatment rather than physical and sexual abuse, and the low rates of physical harm.
  • Influenced the changes to the Quebec Youth Protection Act in July 2007, including the introduction of psychological ill-treatment as a major risk factor to a child's security or development.
  • Supported analysis of the (in)adequacy of the supreme court’s criteria for the use of corporal punishment to protect children.
  • Assisted researchers to dispel the myth that CASs were frequently responding to cases of domestic violence by apprehending children.
  • Supported analysis of false allegations of abuse in cases involving custody disputes.
  • Identified and supported investigation into the decline of investigated sexual abuse in Canada.
  • Has been used for international comparisons on multiple issues in child maltreatment.


How are Indigenous children sampled?

Indigenous agencies were sampled from a separate Indigenous pan-Canadian stratum.

How does the CIS-2008 explore specific issues surrounding the incidence of and response to maltreatment of Indigenous children?

The First Nations component of the CIS is designed to explore specific issues surrounding the incidence of and response to maltreatment of Indigenous children. It is guided by a National Advisory Committee comprised of provincial First Nations representatives from across Canada. A full report on the findings from the First Nations CIS-2003 can be found on this website and is titled “Mesnimik Wasatek: Catching a Drop of Light.” The CIS-2008 tripled the number of First Nations agencies from previous CIS cycles, allowing for closer examination of the forms of neglect that contribute to Indigenous overrepresentation in the child welfare system. This increase in First Nations agencies for data collection also allows for preliminary comparisons between First Nations run child welfare agencies and mainstream agencies.

What are the potential benefits of Indigenous child welfare agencies participating in the study?

Being the first national study on child maltreatment to collect disaggregated data on First Nations, Inuit, and Métis, the CIS has made a significant impact at the international, national, and local levels. The results of past CIS cycles informed the draft United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment on the Rights of Indigenous Children, and a national funding formula for First Nations child welfare agencies. The CIS findings have also been used by First Nations child and family service agencies and provinces to retool services for First Nations children. Indeed, the impact of past CIS cycles was such that the Wen:De report, a review of First Nations child and family services produced by the First Nations Child & Family Caring Society of Canada (FNCFCS) and ratified by the Assembly of First Nations and the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, placed a high priority on expanding the First Nations component of the CIS. FNCIS-2008 more than tripled the number of Indigenous child welfare agencies included in the 2003 sample. The increased sample size will allow for a more detailed and systematic examination of the nature of and response to maltreatment of Indigenous children. Accordingly, FNCIS-2008 has the potential to have an even greater impact on Indigenous child welfare programs and policies than previous cycles. In addition, the CIS research team is committed to increasing the capacity of child welfare agencies to collect and analyze child welfare data and will work with interested agencies to support their capacity development efforts.

In the CIS-2008 research pertaining to Indigenous children, how are the OCAP principles adhered to?

The First Nations CIS (FNCIS) 2008 was overseen by a First Nations Advisory Committee that has the principle responsibility for ensuring Indigenous ownership of and control over the research project. The First Nations Child and Family Caring Society played a key role in the organization of the 2008 FNCIS, as well as, the past two cycles of the study. The other advisory committee members are representatives of national and provincial level organizations involved in Indigenous child welfare. Committee members: oversaw the full research process, informed and approved the sampling framework, developed and helped ensure compliance with ethical guidelines, facilitated the recruitment of participating agencies, helped to prioritize secondary analyses, and will assist with dissemination to interested communities. FNCIS researchers also worked closely with individual communities included in the study. They obtained formal approval from the agency directors and band councils of all participating agencies and, where they existed, from agency board of directors and band ethics boards before initiating data collection. The research team members and/or advisory committee also keep all communities updated about project progress, directly answer community questions whenever requested, provide each participating agency with a report summarizing local data, and support research capacity building efforts of interested agencies.

Who does the First Nations CIS-2008 Advisory Committee Member Organizations consist of?

The First Nations CIS-2008 Advisory Committee Member Organizations consists of the following organizations: First Nations Child & Family Caring Society, Yellowhead Tribal Services Agency, Mi’kmaw Family & Child Services of Nova Scotia, First Nations of Quebec & Labrador Health & Social Services Commission, Assembly of First Nations, Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs, North Shore MicMac District Council, Public Health Agency of Canada, Caring for First Nations Children Society, Saskatchewan First Nations Family & Community Institute, and the Association of Native Child & Family Services Agencies of Ontario.


<<< Back to CIS-2008 main page

Titre Auteurs Année de publication
False Allegations of Abuse and Neglect

Simpson, Megan
Fletcher, Kara
De La Sablonniere-Grifin, Mireille
Trocmé, Nico

Group Home and Residential Treatment Placements in Child Welfare: Analyzing the 2008 Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect

Doucet, Mélanie
Marion, Élodie
Trocmé, Nico

Defining ‘reasonable force’: Does it advance child protection?

Durrant, Joan E.
Fallon, Barbara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate

Delineating disproportionality and disparity of Asian-Canadian versus White-Canadian households in the child welfare system

Lee, Barbara
Fuller-Thomson, Esme
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Black, Tara

Injuries and Death of Children at the Hands of Their Parents

Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Trocmé, Nico 

The intersection of child custody disputes and child protection investigtions: secondary data analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2008) Black, Tara Saini, Michael Fallon, Barbara Deljavan, Sevil Theoduloz, Ricardo Wall, Michael
A Profile of Child Welfare Workers in Canada in 2008

Lwin, Kristen
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

Exploring alternate specifications to explain agency-level effects in placement decisions regarding Aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect Part C

Fallon, Barbara
Chabot, Martin
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy
Sinha, Vandna
Allan, Kate
MacLaurin, Bruce

A profile of reported emotional maltreatment in Canada in 2008

Kozlowski, Anna
Lwin, Kristin
Fallon, Barbara

Maltreatment-related investigations involving children and youth with disabilities in Canada in 2008

Bogossian, Aline
MacCulloch, Radha
Trocmé, Nico

Équipe de recherche de l'ECI


University of TorontoMcGill UniversityUniversity of CalgaryCJM-IUUniversité Laval




Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work
246 Bloor Street West
Toronto, ON
M5S 1A1

• Barbara Fallon, Director and Co-Investigator

(416) 978-2527


Barbara Fallon, MSW, PhD. is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. Dr. Fallon is the Director and Co-Investigator for the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008), and was the Co-Manager of the CIS-2003 and for the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2003 (OIS-2003) at the Center for Excellence in Child Welfare (CECW) at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. She was also the co-Manger of these studies during the CIS-1998. Dr. Fallon has managed several other national Canadian child welfare research projects. Research interests include child welfare workers, organizational behaviour and service delivery effectiveness. She has extensive experience in conducting research focusing primarily on women and children. Dr. Fallon has worked for 15 years in various capacities including program evaluation, child welfare, and non-profit management. She has published peer reviewed articles and book chapters on these topics.

Tara Black, Co-Manager

(416) 946-0218


Tara Black, MSW, is the co-manager for the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008) at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, and was a Research Assistant for the CIS-2003. Ms. Black has experience in conducting research with projects such as the reliability and predictive validity of a child welfare risk assessment tool. She has worked for eight years in various capacities including positions at youth treatment centres, front-line child protection, as a Research and Teaching Assistant for the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, and as a report writer for the United Nations Secretary General’s Violence Against Children Regional Consultation. Currently, she is a student in the PhD program at the University of Toronto.

Caroline Felstiner, Co-Manager

(416) 978-1386


Caroline Felstiner, MSW is the co-manager for the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. Ms. Felstiner worked for seven years as a front line child protection worker in Québec and Ontario. Ms. Felstiner participated in the study planning, sampling, training, data collection and report writing for the CIS-2003. She completed her Master’s degree in Social Work at the University of Toronto in 2001.

Kate Schumaker, Co-Manager

(416) 978-1386


Kate Schumaker, MSW is the co-manager for the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008) at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. Kate worked for the Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services, and in a child protection agency as a front-line worker and in a research capacity. Kate is currently a doctoral student at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto.

Tina Crockford, Site Researcher

(416) 978-1386


Tina Crockford, BA (Hons) is a site researcher for the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008) at the University of Toronto. Prior to joining the CIS team Tina worked as a Research Associate at the Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare. She has contributed to various articles and fact sheets on child welfare.

• Ken Barter, Site Researcher

(709) 737-2030


Ken Barter, PhD, RSW, is a professor with the School of Social Work, Memorial University, St. John’s, NL. He has worked in public child welfare systems for 30 years prior to entering academia in 1995. His research and publications focus on community capacity building as an alternative approach to child protection. He has presented this approach to national and international audiences. Ken was involved in the previous two CIS studies and is currently the CIS representative for the three sites in the Atlantic provinces.

Carolyn Golden, Research Assistant

(416) 395-0580


Carolyn Golden, MSW, completed her degree requirements with the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto through a field placement with the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008). Ms. Golden continues to assist in the orientation and data collection for the CIS-2008 while working as a front line worker at a child protection agency. Ms Golden has worked in child welfare for the past three years. Furthermore, she has previous experience working with the City of Toronto as an Integration Facilitator for children with special needs, as well as, community level work regarding homelessness and mental health.

• Barbara Lee, Researcher Assistant

(416) 946-5099


Barbara Lee, BA, BSW-Child Welfare Specialization, is completing her MSW-Specializing in Children and Family and Collaborative Graduate Studies in Ethnic and Pluralism at the University of Toronto. Barbara Lee has worked in various capacities including positions at multicultural community agencies, youth residential group homes, and front-line child protection. Barbara Lee is a research assistant with the Canadian Incident Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008).





Centre for Research on Children and Families
3506 University Street, Suite 106
Montreal, QC
H3A 2A7

Nico Trocmé, Principal Investigator

(514) 398-5399


Nico Trocmé, MSW, PhD. is a Professor and holds the Philip Fisher Chair in Social Work at the School of Social Work, McGill University, and is the Scientific Director of the Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare. Dr. Trocmé is the Principle Investigator (PI) for the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008), and was the PI for the previous cycles as well (CIS-2003 and CIS-1998). He is also involved with a number of research teams, including the development and evaluation of home-based comprehensive treatment model in situations of chronic neglect and a survey of risk and resilience for youth receiving child welfare services. Dr. Trocmé was the chair of the National Advisory Committee overseeing the evaluation of the Alberta Response Model and was as a member of the Ontario Panel of Experts on Child Protection and of the Panel d’experts for the Association des centres jeunesse du Quebec. He has presented expert evidence at several coroner inquests and provides evaluation and service planning consultation to a number of child welfare organizations. Prior to completing his Ph.D., Dr. Trocmé worked for five years as a child welfare and children's mental health social worker.

Vandna Sinha, Principal Investigator – First Nations Component

(514) 398-4864


Vandna Sinha, PhD. is a Postdoctoral Scholar at the Centre for Research on Children and Families in the School of Social Work, McGill University. Dr. Sinha is Principle Investigator for the First Nations Component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008). Her research interests include the construction of community and the ways in which members of disadvantaged and minority communities address factors that limit their quality of life and access to opportunity. Her previous experience includes work on several research projects in the U.S. and Canada, which used a variety of research methods to explore questions of community in the context of neighborhoods, schools and social policy reforms. Prior to entering graduate school, Dr. Sinha spent five years working with neighborhood-based housing and children’s organizations.

Elizabeth Fast, Co-Manager

(514) 398-4864


Elizabeth Fast, MSW is a co-manager for the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 at the Faculty of Social Work, McGill University and coordinator of the First Nations component of the Canadian Incidence Study. Elizabeth worked for six years in the field of child welfare in Ontario and Québec and has supervisory and training experience of front-line workers. Her research experience includes using file level data to measure levels of clinical “best practice” at one child welfare organization for cases of child sexual abuse.

Pamela Weightman

(514) 398-4864


Pamela Weightman is a coordinator of the Quebec portion of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 at the Faculty of Social Work, McGill University. Pamela graduated with her Bachelor’s of Social Work degree in 2005. She has worked in the field of child welfare for the past three years.

• Shelley Thomas Prokopt, First Nations Research Associate

(306) 373-2874 or Toll Free: (866) 993-2874


Shelley Thomas Prokop, MCEd, is a member of the Beardys & Okemasis First Nation in Saskatchewan. She is the site researcher for the First Nations component of the Canadian Incidence Study in Saskatchewan, Alberta and one site in British Columbia. Shelley has spent the last 15 years working in community development and research focusing on child welfare, intimate partner violence, and First Nations health. Throughout her work Shelley strives to ensure ethics and respect for all those she works with. Most of her work has been in Saskatchewan with First Nations people and communities.

• Tara Petti, MSW Practicum Student

(204) 232-6631


Tara Petti, BA, BSW, was born and raised in Winnipeg, Manitoba. She is married with three daughters. Tara has worked in First Nation Child Welfare since 2001. She is currently employed at Southern First Nations Network of Care as Director of Quality Assurance and is completing an MSW through the distance education program at the University of Calgary. Tara is very interested in child welfare research, particularly in First Nation child welfare and is delighted to be doing my practicum with this team!

• Meghan Mulcahy, Research Assistant

(514) 476-0154


Meghan Mulcahy, MSW (Cand.), is a research assistant with the Centre for Research on Children and Families, and a MSW candidate in the School of Social Work at McGill University. Meghan's qualitative thesis research explores how mothers make meaning of a child protection encounter. Meghan has worked as an outreach worker in both urban British Columbia and rural Nova Scotia, providing strength and harm-reduction based advocacy, group work and supportive counseling to women and adolescent girls.

• Michelle Sullivan, Research Assistant


Michele recently graduated from McGill University with a B.S.W. and is currently enrolled in a Human Resources Graduate Studies program at McGill. Her professional experience includes over ten years in management roles with a focus on training and development. She provides overall organizational support to the CIS and other projects at the Centre for Research on Children and Families.

• Martin Chabot, Psychometrician

(514) 398-6656


Martin Chabot has completed undergraduate and graduate studies in mathematics, cognitive psychology and psychometry. Martin has work on the Plate-forme informationnelle pour le bien-être de l’enfant (PIBE) project and is currently working at the Centre for Research on Children and Families at McGill University. He's responsible for database construction, merging and maintenance, data analysis and planification.





Faculty of Social Work
2500 University Drive, NW
Calgary, AB
T2N 1N4

Bruce MacLaurin, Co-Investigator

(403) 220-4698


Bruce MacLaurin, MSW, PhD. (Cand.) is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary. He is the Co-Investigator for the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008), and was the Co-Manager of the CIS-2003and Principal Investigator for the Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2003. Previously he worked at the Bell Canada Child Welfare Research Unit where he was involved as the co-Manager of the CIS-1998 and a research associate for the national Client Outcomes in Child Welfare Project. He was the Co-Investigator on a CIHR street youth study examining health and HIV. His research and publishing has focused on child welfare service delivery, foster care outcomes, child maltreatment, and street youth in Canada, and he has more than 15 years experience in non-profit children’s services in Alberta and Ontario.

Janet Douglas, Manager - British Columbia Incidence Study


Janet Douglas, MSW, has been involved with the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect since 1998, and is the British Columbia Incidence Study Manager for the 2008 cycle. She has been a child protection social worker for over twenty-years, and is currently working on her PhD at the University of British Columbia. Her research interests include the health status of children living in marijuana grow-operations, child welfare decision-making, and social worker safety.

Rick Enns, -investigator AIS-2008 and SIS-2008

(780) 492-6971


Rick Enns PhD, RSW completed a Masters of Social Work specializing in family therapy with adolescents, at the University of Manitoba in 1991. He completed his PhD in Educational Psychology at the University of Alberta in 2001. His doctoral studies examined the effects of intensive, home-based services for adolescents in conflict with the law alongside the effects of existing clinic-based services. His teaching interests include social work practice with families, research and evaluation, mental health, and Aboriginal issues. He has conducted archival research into industrial and residential schools across the prairies and early child welfare services for Aboriginal children, and is currently involved in a number of research projects focusing on immigration and housing across the prairies.

• Richard Feehan, Co-Investigator of the AIS-2008 and the SIS-2008

(780) 435-5938


Richard Feehan, MSW, has been a Social Worker in the province of Alberta since 1982. Over the years, he has worked as a Child Welfare Worker in Edmonton, Alberta and Guelph and Wellington County, Ontario. He was in private practice from 1987 to 2000 with a specialization in the area of Child Sexual Abuse. Subsequently, he was the Director of Family Services at Catholic Social Services and has most recently been teaching in the Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary, Edmonton Division. Presently, Richard is completing his PhD in Human Ecology – Family Studies. His dissertation will focus on modeling the relationship between family functioning and social inclusion with low income families.

Jill Holroyd, Saskatchewan Representative

(306) 787-3613


Jill Holroyd, BA, BSW, started working for the Department of Social Services in 1990 as a front line worker in the Income Assistance field. She moved to Child and Family Services in 1996 and worked as a front line worker for nine years. During this time she worked in the areas of Young Offenders, Child Protection, Services to Children in Care, Teen and Young Parent Program and Adoption. In 2005 she moved to Central Office where she worked on a workload measurement project. Jill started working in her current position in the Research and Evaluation Branch in 2006. In this position, her main focus has been on data analysis especially in the area of Child and Family Services.

Alison Barker, Research Assistant

(604) 924-8166


Alison Barker, BA, BSW, in addition to her role as a research assistant with CIS, is a social worker with the Ministry of Children and Family Development Provincial After Hours team in Vancouver. She completed her BA from UBC in 1994, followed by her BSW from UVIC in 1997.

• Janet Farnell

(306) 787-7222


Jordan Gail, Research Associate

(403) 220-8662


Jordan Gail, MSW student is a research associate with the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect, 2008 (CIS-2008) at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary. Jordan has worked two years for Alberta Children's Services as a case manager for a specialized domestic violence (Lethbrige) and a Generalist Caseworker (Crowsnest Pass). Notable research experience includes a qualitative study on 'Attributions for poverty amongst Evangelicals' (on-going) as well as work with the Centre for Social Work Research and Professional Development.

Scott Horvath, CIS Research Assistant – Central and Northern British Columbia

(250) 565-6643


Scott Horvath, BA, BSW, originally came to British Columbia from Saskatchewan where he worked for various government departments, youth services, probation and corrections. He has been a resident of Prince George since 1993 and has enjoyed a varied career with the Ministry for Children and Family Development. Scott has been a line child protection worker, team leader, community services manager and is currently the operational planner and project coordinator for the region. Scott has a bachelor degree in sociology from the University of Saskatchewan, a bachelor of social work degree from the University of Regina, and is currently writing his thesis for a Masters of Social Work from the University of Northern British Columbia. His area of research is developing a better understanding of how information technology can better support clinical and administrative case management for social workers.


Centre Jeunesse de Montréal - Institut Universitaire (CJM-IU)



Institut Universitaire
1001, Boul. Maisonneuve Est,
Montréal, QC
H2L 4R5

• Sonia Hélie, Chercheure co-responsable de l'ÉIQ

(514) 896-3497


Sonia Hélie, PhD, s’intéresse à l’épidémiologie des mauvais traitements envers les enfants et aux trajectoires des enfants dans les services de protection de la jeunesse. Elle est co-responsable de la troisième étude d’incidence québécoise sur les signalements en protection de la jeunesse et de l’évaluation d’impact de la nouvelle Loi sur la protection de la jeunesse. Ses travaux récents portent sur la récurrence des signalements, la durée d’intervention et la discontinuité des services en protection de la jeunesse, des analyses entièrement réalisées à partir des données PIJ. Elle s’est également impliquée dans les travaux de la Plateforme informationnelle pour le bien-être de l’enfant (PIBE), un partenariat provincial recherche-CJ dont le but est de favoriser l’exploitation des données PIJ pour réaliser des recherches pertinentes pour les CJ. Ces travaux lui ont permis de développer une expertise précieuse dans l’analyse des données administratives, une connaissance approfondie des services de protection de la jeunesse et des formes de maltraitance. Elle est membre du GRAVE-Ardec et de l’IRDS depuis 1997.

Audrée-Jade Carignan, Coordinatrice de l'ÉIQ

(514) 896-3149


Audrée-Jade Carignan, MA, est l'un des coordonnatrices del'étude d'incidence québécoise ainsi que del'évaluation d'impact des nouvelles dispositions de la loi sur la protection de la jeunesse à l'Institut de recherche pour le développement social des jeunes (Centre jeunesse de Montréal-institut universitaire). Audrée-Jade a complété un baccalauréat en sexologie et une maîtrise en sexologie profil intervention-recherche. Elle travaille depuis 3 ans dans le domaine de l'élaboration, de l'implantation et de l'évaluation de programmes auprès des jeunes en difficulté d'apprentissage et d'adaption fréquentant les secteurs d'adaptation scolaire.

Geneviève Lamonde, Coordinatrice de l'ÉIQ

(418) 661-6951, poste 1722


Geneviève Lamonde, MSS, est professionnelle de recherche à l’équipe scientifique du Centre jeunesse de Québec–Institut universitaire depuis l’automne 2002. Elle a collaboré à plusieurs projets de recherche, notamment en évaluation de programmes. Elle œuvre à titre de coordonnatrice pour le volet québécois de l’étude canadienne d’incidence.





École de service social
Pavillon Charles-De Koninck, bureau 5444
Québec, QC
G1K 7P4

Daniel Turcotte, Chercheur co-responsable de l'EIQ

(418) 656-2131, poste 2058


Daniel Turcotte, PhD, est professeur titulaire à l’École de service social de l’Université Laval et chercheur au Centre de recherche JEFAR et au Centre jeunesse de Québec-Institut universitaire. Ses enseignements portent sur l’intervention sociale auprès des groupes et sur les méthodes qualitatives. Ses recherches ont trait à l’évaluation des programmes et des services s’adressant aux jeunes et aux familles à risque.

Calendrier de l'ECI-2008

This page outlines the timeline for the CIS 2008 cycle. The column on the left hand side outlines the specific steps of the project. The column on the right hand side lists the dates associated with each step.

Calendrier de l'ECI 2008

Sample sites selected and recruited

February 2008 - August 2008
Ethics Review Committee approval received
for instrument and study methodology
February 2008
Pilot testing
May 2008 - September 2008
Data collection instrument finalized
September 2008
Data collection period
October 1st - December 31st, 2008

Data confirmation and entry

January 2009 - August 2009

Data cleaned

August 2009 - December 2009
Data analyzed and preliminary
report drafted
September 2009 - April 2010

Last revisions of study report and database

April 2010 - August 2010
Final CIS - 2008 Report released October 2010


Pourvoyeurs de fonds de l'ECI

Agence de santé publique du Canada

Core funding for the CIS-2008 is provided by the Public Health Agency of Canada’s Injury and Child Maltreatment Division.

Provinces et Territoires

All provinces and territories provide in-kind support for the CIS-2008. In addition, some provinces fund an enriched sample:

  • Alberta (Oversampling)
  • British Columbia (Oversampling)
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Nunavut
  • Ontario (Oversampling)
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Quebec (Oversampling)
  • Saskatchewan (Oversampling)
  • Yukon


Centre d’excellence pour la protection et le bien-être des enfants (CEPB)

The CECW provides funding for website development, fact sheet production, and secondary data analysis.