Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Sort descending Authors Year of Publication
Journal article
Long-term depression and suicidal ideation outcomes subsequent to emancipation from foster care: Pathways to psychiatric risk in the Métis population

Kaspar, Violet

Journal article
Long-term depression and suicidal ideation outcomes subsequent to emancipation from foster care: Pathways to psychiatric risk in the Métis population.

Kaspar, Violet

Information Sheet
Long-term Trends in Out of Home Care for On-reserve First Nations Children

Jones, Allison 
Sinha, Vandna 

Report
Management of Aboriginal Child Protection Services

Doyle, John

Information Sheet
Manitoba's child welfare system

Milne, Lise
Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna

Information Sheet
Manitoba’s Child Welfare System

Gough, Pamela

Report
Matrice des indicateurs d’impacts en protection de l’enfance (2000)

Trocmé, Nico
Nutter, Butch
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fallon, Barbara

Report
Mesnmimk Wasatek: Catching a Drop of Light. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in Canada’s Child Welfare System: An Analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FNCIS-2003)

Nico Trocmé
Bruce MacLaurin
Barbara Fallon
Della Knoke
Lisa Pitman
Megan McCormack

Information Sheet
Ministerial Mandate Letters: Relevance to Indigenous Child Welfare and Well-Being

Churchill, Molly
Sinha, Vandna

Journal article
Motives of Aboriginal foster parents

Brown, Jason D.
Gerritts, Julie
Ivanova, Viktoria
Mehta, Nisha
Skrodski, Donna