Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year of Publication
Information Sheet
First Nations Child Welfare in British Columbia

Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna
Hoey, Shawn
Lucas, Linda

Information Sheet
First Nations Child Welfare in Manitoba

Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna
Petti, Tara
Flette, Elsie

Information Sheet
First Nations Child Welfare in New Brunswick

Kozlowski, Anna
SInha, Vandna
Levi, Judy

Information Sheet
First Nations Child Welfare in Nova Scotia

Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna
Glode, Joan
MacDonald, Nancy

Information Sheet
First Nations Child Welfare in Ontario

Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna
Richard, Kenn

Information Sheet
First Nations Child Welfare in Saskatchewan

Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna
Hartsook, Gail
Thomas, Shelley
Montgomery, H. Monty

Journal article
Motives of Aboriginal foster parents

Brown, Jason D.
Gerritts, Julie
Ivanova, Viktoria
Mehta, Nisha
Skrodski, Donna

Working with First Nations, Inuit and Métis Families who have Experienced Family Violence: A Practice Guide for Child Welfare Professionals

Steering Committe
Native Child & Family Services: Charlene Avalos
Chiefs of Ontario: Lillian Baibomcowai-Dell
Ottawa Inuit Children Centre: Karen Baker Anderson
Native Women’s Centre of Hamilton: Linda Ense
Métis Nation of Ontario: Shelley Gonneville
Ontario Native Women’s Association: Betty Kennedy
Weechi-it-te-win Family Services: Leona McGinnis
Tikinagan Child & Family Services: Thelma Morris
Ontario Native Women’s Association: Kathy Sky
Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres: Terry Swan

Writer
Catalyst Research and Communications: Joan Riggs

Information Sheet
A comparison of First Nations and non-Aboriginal children investigated for maltreatment in Canada in 2003

MacLaurin, Bruce
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Blackstock, Cindy
Pitman, Lisa
McCormack, Megan

Other
Briefing Document. Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.