Ontario - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 2013
Child population (0-15) 2,382,035 2,349,600
Number of child maltreatment investigations 128,748 125,281
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 54.05 53.32

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Ontario, 2013**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 97,951 41.69 78%
Risk Investigation 27,330 11.63 22%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2013**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 5,770 2.46 13%
Sexual Abuse 848 0.36 2%
Neglect 10,386 4.42 24%
Emotional Maltreatment 5,620 2.39 13%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 20,443 8.70 48%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008* and 2013**

  2008 # 2008 Rate 2013 # 2013 Rate
No Placement 121,436 50.98 121,020 51.51
Informal Kinship Care 3,616 1.52 1,874 0.80
Formal Placement 3,696 1.55 2,387 1.02

* Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Black, T., Felstiner, C., Schumaker, K., Van Wert, M., Herbert, A., Petrowski, N., Daciuk, J., Lee, B., DuRoss, C. & Johnston, A. (2010). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (OIS‑2008). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal.

** Fallon, B., Van Wert, M., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Lefebvre, R., Allan, K., Black, T., Lee, B., Rha, W., Smith, C., & Goel, S. (2015). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS‑2013). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal.

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year
Towards Sustainable Child Welfare in Ontario: First Report from the Commission

The Commission to Promote Sustainable Child Welfare

Your Children's Aid Child Welfare Report 2009/10

Ontario Association of Children's Aid Societies

Report of the Paediatric Death Review Committee and Deaths Under Five Committee

Office of the Chief Coroner

Report of the Paediatric Death Review Committee and Deaths Under Five Committee

Office of the Chief Coroner

Life Domain Research Report Series

Cameron, Gary
Hazineh, Lirondel
Frensch, Karen M.
Preyde, Michele

Empowering Families, Strengthening and Protecting Children: Introducing Kinship Program and Family Group Conferencing Program at the Children’s Aid Society of London and Middlesex

Leschied, Alan W.
MacKay, Ryan
Raghunandan, Shivon
Sharpe, Nicole
Sookoor, Marguerite

Lessons Learned from the "Changing the Script " Program: Supporting Foster Parents to ‘Go the Distance’ with the Children in their Care

Mankiewicz Smith, Jacqueline

Family Group Conferencing: Assessing the long-term effectiveness of an alternative approach in child protection

Cunning, Sandra
Bartlett, Diane

Maltreatment and Adolescent Pathways Feasibility Study Final Report

Wekerle, Christine
Wall, Anne-Marie
MacMillan, Harriet
Trocme, Nico
Boyle, Michael
Leung, Eman
Waechter, Randall

Youth Leaving Care: An OACAS Survey of CAS Youth and Staff

Ontario Association of Children’s Aid Society

A study of three community and school-based models of child welfare service delivery in Ontario

Frensch, Karen M.
Cameron, Gary
Hazineh, Lirondel

Evaluating the Effectiveness of "Beyond the Basics" Parenting Groups for Parents/Caregivers of Young Children Involved with Child Welfare

Goodman, Deborah
Richards, Sharron

Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 2003 (OIS 2003): Major Findings Report

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Knoke, Della
Black, Tara
Daciuk, Joanne
Felstiner, Caroline

In the Best Interests of Children and Mothers: A Proposed Child Welfare Response to Violence Against Women

Morrow, Eileen

Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 1998 (OIS-1998)

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Daciuk, Joanne
Bartholomew, Sharon
Ortiz, Jairo
Thompson, Julie
Helfrich, Warren
Billingsley, Diane

Researcher Organization Province / Territory
King, Bryn University of Toronto Ontario
Knoke, Della University of Toronto Ontario
Knott, Theresa York University Ontario
Leschied, Alan W. University of Western Ontario Ontario
Leslie, Bruce Catholic Children's Aid Society of Toronto Ontario
Lewis, Barry Ontario Commission to Promote Sustainable Child Welfare Ontario
Lipman, Ellen McMaster University Ontario
Lwin, Kristen Practice and Research Together Ontario
MacKay, Sherri University of Toronto Ontario
MacMillan, Harriet McMaster University Ontario
Macpherson, Alison K. York University Ontario
Maiter, Sarah York University Ontario
Mishna, Faye University of Toronto Ontario
Neff, Charlotte Laurentian University Ontario
Nelson, Geoff Wilfrid Laurier University Ontario
Pon, Gordon Ryerson University Ontario
Popova, Svetlana Centre for Addition and Mental Health / University of Toronto Ontario
Preyde, Michele University of Guelph Ontario
Redmond, Melissa Carleton University Ontario
Regehr, Cheryl University of Toronto Ontario