Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Without Denial, Delay, or Disruption: Ensuring First Nations Children’s Access to Equitable Services Through Jordan’s Principle

The Jordan's Principle Working Group

2015 Report
Manitoba's child welfare system

Milne, Lise
Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
Saskatchewan's child welfare system

Fast, Elizabth
Simpson, Megan
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
Newfoundland & Labrador's child welfare system

Blumenthal, Anne
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
The structure of Aboriginal child welfare in Canada

Sinha, Vandna
Kozlowski, Anna

2013 Journal article
Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

2011 Report
15-YEAR-OLD LEVI: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

2017 Report
18-YEAR-OLD PETER: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

2017 Report
Violence and resilience: a scoping review of treatment of mental health problems for Indigenous Youth
Toombs, Elaine
Houlding, Carolyn
Braunberger, Peter
Sawula, Erica
Wekerle, Christine
Mushquash, Chris
Drawson, Alexandra
2017 Journal article
Honouring Jordan's Principle: Obstacles to accessing equitable health and social services for First Nations children with special healthcare needs living in Pinaymootang, Manitoba

Vives, Luna
Sinha, Vandna
Burnet, Eric
Lach, Lucyna

2017 Report