Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Without Denial, Delay, or Disruption: Ensuring First Nations Children’s Access to Equitable Services Through Jordan’s Principle

The Jordan's Principle Working Group

2015 Report
Manitoba's child welfare system

Milne, Lise
Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
Saskatchewan's child welfare system

Fast, Elizabth
Simpson, Megan
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
Newfoundland & Labrador's child welfare system

Blumenthal, Anne
Sinha, Vandna

2014 Information sheet
The structure of Aboriginal child welfare in Canada

Sinha, Vandna
Kozlowski, Anna

2013 Journal article
Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

2011 Report
Ministerial Mandate Letters: Relevance to Indigenous Child Welfare and Well-Being

Churchill, Molly
Sinha, Vandna

2016 Information sheet
Shameful Neglect: Indigenous Child Poverty in Canada

Macdonald, David
Wilson, Daniel

2016 Report
Living Arrangements of Aboriginal Children Aged 14 and Under

Turner, Annie

2016 Report
Nistawatsimin: Exploring First Nations Parenting: A Literature Review and Expert Consultation with Blackfoot Elders

Lindstrom, Gabrielle
Choate, Peter
Bastien, Leonard
Weasal Traveller, Audrey
Breaker, Stewart
Breaker, Kathy
Good Striker, Wilton
Good Striker, Evelyn

2016 Report