Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Nistawatsiman: Rethinking assessment of Aboriginal parents for child welfare following the Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Lindstom, Gabrielle
Choate, Peter W.

2016 Journal article
Critical Injuries and Deaths: Reviews and Investigations Update #26

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2016 Report
Critical Injuries and Deaths: Reviews and Investigations Update #27

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2016 Report
B.C. Adoption Update: December 2015

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2016 Report
Ten Years of Advocacy: Annual Report 2015/16 and Service Plan 2016/17–2017/18

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2016 Report
Too Many Victims Sexualized Violence in the Lives of Children and Youth in Care: An Aggregate Review

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2016 Report
The Silent World of Jordan: Special Investigation Report

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

2016 Report
2015 Annual Report - Saskatchewan Children's Advocate Office

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

2016 Report
Walking this path together: Anti-racist and anti-oppressive practice in child welfare

Carriere, Jeannine
Strega, Susan

2015 Book
Long-term Trends in Out of Home Care for On-reserve First Nations Children

Jones, Allison 
Sinha, Vandna 

2015 Information sheet