Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Yearsort icon Type of Publication
The Chief Public Health Officer’s Report on the State of Public Health in Canada, 2009: Growing Up Well - Priorities for a Healthy Future

Butler-Jones, David

2009 Report
Factors associated with the sexual behavior of Canadian Aboriginal young people and their implications for health promotion

Devries, Karen M.
Free, Caroline J.
Morison, Linda
Saewyc, Elizabeth

2009 Journal article
News Reporting on Aboriginal Child Welfare: Discourses of White Guilt, Reverse Racism, and Failed Policy

Harding, Robert

2009 Journal article
Why Addressing the Over-Representation of First Nations Children in Care Requires New Theoretical Approaches Based on First Nations Ontology

Blackstock, Cindy

2009 Journal article
Confidence to foster across cultures: Caregiver perspectives

Brown, Jason D.
Sintzel, Jennifer
St. Arnault, David
George, Natalie

2009 Journal article
Recognition and Reconciliation Protocol on First Nations Children, Youth and Families

Province of British Columbia, the First Nations Summit, Union of BC Indian Chiefs, the BC Assembly of First Nations

2009 Other
Child and Family Services Statistics June 2009

Saskatchewan Ministry of Social Services

2009 Report
Child and Family Services Statistics December 2009

Saskatchewan Ministry of Social Services

2009 Report
Hand-in-Hand: A Review of First Nations Child Welfare in New Brunswick

Richard, Bernard

2010 Report
Developmental and Cultural Assets and Resilient Outcomes in First Nations Young People in Care: An Initial Test of an Explanatory Model

Filbert, Katharine
Flynn, Robert J.

2010 Journal article