Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authorssort icon Year Type of Publication
A survey of adolescents' perceptions of their relationships with nonparental caregivers in group home settings: An attachment perspective

Rabley, Sarah
Preyde, Michèle
Gharabaghi, Kiaras

2014 Journal article
The Intersection of Child Welfare Investigations and Public Housing in Ontario

Potvin, Michael
Black, Tara
Fallon, Barbara

2016 Information sheet
Patterns of adjustment among siblings exposed to intimate partner violence

Piotrowski, Caroline C.

2011 Journal article
Exploring taboos: Comparing male- and female-perpetrated child sexual abuse

Peter, Tracey

2009 Journal article
Maternal foster families provide more stable placements than paternal families

Perry, Gretchen
Daly, Martin
Macfarlan, Shane

2014 Journal article
A Comparative Study of Parental Sensitivity Between Three Groups of Adolescent Mothers

Paquette, Daniel
Zoccolillo, Mark
Bigras, Marc
Labelle, Marie-Ève
Azar, Rima
Emery, Jacinthe

2004 Journal article
Validation of the French Version of the CTQ and Prevalence of the History of Maltreatment

Paquette, Daniel
Laporte, Lise
Bigras, Marc
Zoccolillo, Mark

2004 Journal article
Perspectives nouvelles sur l'attachement à partir d'études sur les problèmes extériorisés des enfants

Paquette, Daniel

2007 Journal article
15-YEAR-OLD LEVI: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

2017 Report
Using neuropsychological profiles to classify neglected children with or without physical abuse

Nolin, Pierre
Ethier, Louise S.

2007 Journal article