Alberta

In Alberta, the Ministry of Human Services oversees the delivery of child intervention services provided by 8 regional Child and Family Service Authorities (CFSAs), one of which is a Métis Authority, under the Child, Youth and Family Enhancement Act (CYFEA). Seventeen Delegated First Nations Authorities (DFNAs) also provide services under CYFEA through agreements between the First Nations, the Government of Canada and the Government of Alberta. The Child and Family Services Authorities Act (2000), regulated in 2004, was the result of a series of policy initiatives designed to increase services to families before they reach crisis, establish permanent homes more quickly for children in government care and strengthen the involvement of First Nation, Métis and other Aboriginal communities in planning for their children. A key feature of the reform was the implementation of the Alberta Response Model (ARM), a differential response system with two legislated streams of activity: family enhancement services and protection services. For more information, please see the information sheet on Alberta's child welfare system.

Alberta - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Alberta, 2003* and 2008**

  2003 2008
Child population 752,005 775,175
Number of child maltreatment investigations 32,453 27,147
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 43.16 35.02

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Alberta, 2008**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 22,761 35.02 84%
Risk Investigation 4,386 5.66 16%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Alberta, 2008**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 1,933 2.49 13%
Sexual Abuse 285 0.37 2%
Neglect 5,328 6.87 37%
Emotional Maltreatment 1,974 2.55 14%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 4,883 6.30 34%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Alberta, 2003 and 2008**

  2003 Number 2003 Rate 2008 Number 2008 Rate
No Placement 28,294 37.62 23,625 30.48
Informal Kinship Care 1,923 2.56 1,139 1.47
Formal Placement 2,230 2.97 2,383 3.08

 

* MacLaurin, B., Trocmé, N., Fallon, B., McCormack, M., Pitman, L., Forest, N., Banks, J., Shangreaux, C., & Perrault, E. (2005) Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (AIS-2003): Major Findings. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/884

** MacLaurin, B., Trocmé, N., Fallon, B., Sinha, V., Feehan, R., Enns, R., Gail, J., Kitt, O., Thomas‑Prokop, S., Zelt, C., Daoust, G., Hutcheon, E., & Budgell, D. (2013). Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (AIS-2008): Major Findings. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2758

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.