Ontario

Children’s Aid Societies in Ontario have the exclusive mandate under the Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) to protect children who have been or are at risk of being abused and/or neglected by their caregivers, to provide for their care and supervision where necessary and to place children for adoption (CFSA, 1990). A total of 46 Children’s Aid Societies are specifically designated by the Minister of Children and Youth Services to investigate child abuse and neglect and take the necessary steps to care for children and youth in need of protection.  Seven are designated Aboriginal societies and 3 serve religious communities. Children’s Aid Societies are independent legal entities (corporations run by Boards of Directors) or Indian Bands (that operate under the Indian Act) and are accountable to the communities they serve. In addition to the CFSA, the Ontario Child Welfare Eligibility Spectrum and Child Protection Standards guide child protection workers at each phase of service delivery. For mroe information, visit the information sheet on Ontario's child welfare system.
 

Ontario - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 1998* and 2008**

  1998 2008
Child population 2,357,265 2,382,035
Number of child maltreatment investigations 64,658 128,748
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 27.43 54.05

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Ontario, 2008**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 87,025 36.53 68%
Risk Investigation 41,723 17.52 32%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 7,936 3.33 21%
Sexual Abuse 771 0.32 2%
Neglect 11,894 4.99 31%
Emotional Maltreatment 2,884 1.21 7%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 15,087 6.33 39%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 1998 and 2008**

  1998 Number 1998 Rate 2008 Number 2008 Rate
No Placement 58,611 24.86 121,436 50.98
Informal Kinship Care 2,779 1.18 3,616 1.52
Formal Placement 3,240 1.35 3,696 1.55

 

* Trocmé, N., Fallon, B., MacLaurin, B., Daciuk, J., Bartholomew, S., Ortiz, J., Thompson, J., Helfrich, W., Billingsley, D. (2002). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (OIS-1998). Toronto, ON: Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare, Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/612

** Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Black, T., Felstiner, C., Schumaker, K., Van Wert, M., Herbert, A., Petrowski, N., Daciuk, J., Lee, B., DuRoss, C. & Johnston, A. (2010). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (OIS‑2008). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2293

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Yearsort icon Type
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect - 2013 (OIS-2013)

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sinha, Vandna
Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate
Black, Tara
Lee, Barbara
Rha, Wendy
Smith, Carrie
Goel, Serena

2015 Report
Previous Case Openings by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario 2013

Goel, Serena
Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara

2015 Information sheet
Ongoing Child Welfare Services and Referrals to Services by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario in 2013

Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael
Goel, Serena
Fallon, Barbara

2015 Information sheet
Mental or Emotional Harm by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario in 2013

Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate
Goel, Serena
Fallon, Barbara
 

2015 Information sheet
Household Source of Income by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario in 2013

Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate
Goel, Serena
Fallon, Barbara

2015 Information sheet
Duration of Maltreatment by Primary Form of Substantiated Maltreatment in Ontario in 2013

Goel, Serena
Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
 

2015 Information sheet
A Profile of Investigations with a Noted Child Functioning Concern of FAS/FAE in Ontario in 2008

Goodman, Deborah
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2015 Information sheet
Feathers of Hope: A First Nations Youth Action Plan

Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth

2014 Report
Child custody / access disputes in child maltreatment-related investigations in Ontario in 2008

Theoduloz, Ricardo 
Lefebvre, Rachael  
Saini, Michael
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
Ontario’s child welfare system

Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Kyte, Alicia
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet

Ontario - Legislation

Last Namesort icon First Name Organization Province/Territory
Alaggia Ramona University of Toronto Ontario
Baker Linda Centre for Children and Families in the Justice System Ontario
Bala Nicholas Queen's University Ontario
Birnbaum Rachel University of Western Ontario Ontario
Black Tara University of Toronto Ontario
Blackstock Cindy First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada Ontario
Bogo Marion University of Toronto Ontario
Brown Ivan University of Toronto Ontario
Brown Jason University of Western Ontario Ontario
Brown Ralph A. McMaster University Ontario
Browne Gina McMaster University Ontario
Burge Philip Queen's University Ontario
Cameron Gary Wilfred Laurier University Ontario
Clarke Jennifer Ryerson University Ontario
Coady Nick Wilfred Laurier University Ontario
Crooks Claire Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Ontario
Cummings Anne University of Western Ontario Ontario
D'Angiulli Amedeo Carleton University Ontario
De Wit David J. University of Toronto Ontario
Dill Katharine Queen's University-Belfast Ontario