Quebec

The Quebec Ministry of Health and Social Services (Ministère de la Santé et Services sociaux) is responsible for providing protection services to children and youth in accordance with the mandate outlined in the Youth Protection Act. There are currently 16 Youth Centres (YC) and three multi-mission centres across the province.  Both of these centres are responsible for services under the Youth Protection Act as well as the Youth Criminal Justice Act (2002). In each centre, there is a director of youth protection (DYP) who is responsible for enforcing the Youth Protection Act. The DYP also has the powers of a provincial director under the Youth Criminal Justice Act. In the youth protection system in Quebec, the intervention process consists of the following stages: receiving and processing a report (intake), evaluating the situation (investigation), orienting the child (intervention planning), and implementing interventions and reviewing the situation. These stages are carried out in separate administrative units, except for the evaluation and orientation stages which are carried out by the same workers. For more information, please see the information sheet on Quebec's child welfare system.

Quebec - Statistics

External Statistics Links

 
Family and Household Statistics
Taux d'incidence des nouvelles prises en charge dans le cadre de la Loi sur la Protection de la Jeunesse (LPJ)
Certains indicateurs repères en vertu de la LPJ, 1994-1995 à 2006-2007

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 1998 and 2008*

  1998 2008
Child population 1,658,480 1,549,200
Number of child maltreatment investigations 25,615 28,608
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 15.44 18.47

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Quebec, 2008*

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 23,727 15.31 83%
Risk Investigation 4,881 3.15 17%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 2008*

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Risk of Future Maltreatment 1,494 0.96 8%
Physical Abuse 4,322 2.79 23%
Sexual Abuse 1,204 0.78 6%
Neglect 5,219 3.37 27%
Emotional Maltreatment 2,713 1.75 14%
Behavioural Problems 4,700 3.03 25%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 4,017 2.59 21%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Quebec, 1998 and 2008*

  1998 Number 1998 Rate 2008 Number 2008 Rate
No Placement 16,776 10.12 24,238 15.65
Informal Kinship Care - - 780 0.50
Formal Placement 7,790 4.7 3,178 2.06
Type of Placement Unknown 834 0.50 340 0.22

 

* Hélie, S., Turcotte, D., Trocmé, N., & Tourigny, M. (2012). Étude d’incidence québécoise sur les situations évaluées en protection de la jeunesse en 2008: Rapport final (p. 252). Montreal, QC: Centre jeunesse de Montréal-Institut universitaire. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2522

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Yearsort icon Type
Mémoire de l'ACJQ présenté à la commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse dans le cadre de la consultation sur le profilage racial et ses conséquences

Association des centres jeunesse du Québec

2010 Report
Factors related to chronic neglect in families

Éthier, Louise S.
Bourassa, Louise
Klapper, Ulrich
Lajoie, Jules
Gough, Pamela
Léveillé, Sophie
 

2007 Information sheet
The CRABE Project: Maps of Child Maltreatment and Associated Factors - An Interactive Diagnostic Tool for Communities

Dufour, Sarah
Pitre, Patrice
Mayer, Micheline
Carrière, Jean
Massicotte, Karina

2006 Information sheet
Gender differences in perceptions of domestic violence

Chamberland, Claire
Léveillé, Sophie
Baraldi, Rosanna

2006 Information sheet
Quebec’s Child Welfare System

Lajoie, Jules

2006 Information sheet
Évolution des familles négligentes : chronicité et typologie. Étude de suivi 1992 à 2005

Éthier, Louise S.
Bourassa, Louise
Klapper, Ulrich
Dionne, Martin

2006 Report
PIBE: Information to support research and child welfare

Lavergne, Chantal
Clément, Marie-Ève
Labrecque, Stéphane

2005 Information sheet
Providing a "life project" for young children: Implementation of a state-of-the-art practice

Paquette, Francine
Labrecque, Stéphane
Gaudet, Judith

2005 Information sheet
Detecting psychological maltreatment: Blows to the head and the heart...

Malo, Claire
Gagné, Marie-Hélène
Labrecque, Stéphane

2005 Information sheet
Disciplining Children in Québec: Parenting norms and practices in 2004

Clément, Marie-Ève
Chamberland, Claire
Aubin, Jacynthe
Dubeau, Denis

2005 Report

Quebec - Legislation

Quebec Legislation
Youth Protection Act

 

Last Namesort icon First Name Organization Province/Territory
Hébert Martine Université du Québec à Montréal Quebec
Hélie Sonia Centre jeunesse de Montréal - Institut universitaire Quebec
Krane Julia McGill University Quebec
Lacharité Carl Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
Laporte Lise McGill University Quebec
Larrivée Marie-Claude Université Laval Quebec
Lavergne Chantal Université de Montréal Quebec
Lemay Louise Université de Sherbrooke Quebec
Lessard Geneviève Université Laval Quebec
Malo Claire Université de Montréal Quebec
Mann-Feder Varda Concordia University Quebec
Moreau Jacques Université de Montréal Quebec
Moss Ellen Université du Québec à Montréal Quebec
Nadeau Danielle Université Laval Quebec
Nolin Pierre Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Quebec
Oxman-Martinez Jacqueline University of Montreal Quebec
Paquette Daniel Université de Montréal Quebec
Parent Claudine Université Laval Quebec
Pauzé Robert Université Laval Quebec
Poirier Marie-Andrée Université de Montréal Quebec