Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Jurisdiction and Funding Models for Aboriginal Child and Family Service Agencies

Gough, Pamela
Blackstock, Cindy
Bala, Nicholas

2005 Information sheet
Ontario’s Child Welfare System

Gough, Pamela

2005 Information sheet
Mesnmimk Wasatek: Catching a Drop of Light. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in Canada’s Child Welfare System: An Analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FNCIS-2003)

Nico Trocmé
Bruce MacLaurin
Barbara Fallon
Della Knoke
Lisa Pitman
Megan McCormack

2005 Report
Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2003 (CIS-2003): Major Findings

Nico Trocmé
Barbara Fallon
Bruce MacLaurin
Joanne Daciuk
Caroline Felstiner
Tara Black
Lil Tonmyr
Cindy Blackstock
Ken Barter
Daniel Turcotte
Richard Cloutier

2005 Report
Wen:de The Journey Continues: The national policy review on First Nations Child and Family Services Research Project - Phase Three

Loxley, John
DeRiviere, Linda
Prakash, Tara
Blackstock, Cindy
Wien, Fred
Prokop, Shelley Thomas

2005 Report
Supporting Aboriginal children and youth with learning and/or behavioural disabilities in the care of Aboriginal child welfare agencies

Wright, Alexandra
Hiebert-Murphy, Diane
Gosek, Gwen

2005 Report
A Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography on Aspects of Aboriginal Child Welfare in Canada: 2nd Edition

Bennett, Marlyn
Blackstock, Cindy
De La Ronde, Richard

2005 Other
Wen:de: We are Coming to the Light of Day

Blackstock, Cindy
Prakash, Tara
Loxley, John
Wien, Fred

2005 Report
Using Popular Theatre for Engaging Racialized Minority Girls in Exploring Questions of Identity and Belonging

Lee, Jo-Anne
De Finney, Sandrina

2005 Journal article
Community Based Child Welfare for Aboriginal Children: Supporting Resilience through Structural Change

Blackstock, Cindy
Trocmé, Nico

2004 Book chapter